Why Nepal is the best outsourcing destination for ICT jobs and startups

There is India, Philippines and Brazil who has been remarkable for outsoursing destination for IT jobs. They have huge number of people working in companies, infrastructure and resources. But when you have to think about Nepal, you might ask lots of questions, Here is the answers why i suggest Nepal is also the one of the best choice for people like you.

  1. Best Diplomacy


Nepal is in between two big, powerful nation like China and India. Being a small and independent country, Nepal is always success to keep the indentity and able to take the support from both nation. Nepal is also trying to be the bridge of China and India

2. Best Value

Wild Rhinoceros crosing river at sunrise.
Wild Rhinoceros crosing river at sunrise.

We are blessed with Natural resouces. People know Nepal because of Mt. Everest, lakes, rivers, and many other beautiful things. But we Nepalese more proud on making our place safe for endangered animals. We know what is the exact value of things we have.

3. Best Humanity

epaselect epa04719889 People free a man from the rubble of a destroyed building after an earthquake hit Nepal, in Kathmandu, Nepal, 25 April 2015. A 7.9-magnitude earthquake rocked Nepal destroying buildings in Kathmandu and surrounding areas, with unconfirmed rumours of casualties. The epicentre was 80 kilometres north-west of Kathmandu, United States Geological Survey. Strong tremors were also felt in large areas of northern and eastern India and Bangladesh. EPA/NARENDRA SHRESTHA

Everyone faced disaster, but more than worries about how to recover wealth and business, We are always reach to the place where we can rescue lives. People of Nepal are kind hearted, People come first than other things.

4. Best Professionalism

boudhanath heritage

When the most valuable assets(Heritage) destroyed in Earthquake in every 100 years, The Artist from same generation come first to restore it to give it back the original faith. You get what you are expecting and support is like for generation.

Beside all these things, we also give other competitive benefits.

Low Wages
Diverse Technology Adaptation
Strong Community Support


The day of leaders: Mozilla Nepal Anniversary

A good leader is the one who inspire other to become better leader than just followers. I am the witness of this development here, I am connecting with Mozilla Nepal Community from starting on different way. I got invitation email from Avash for Anniversary, and immediately i thought i will not miss this time.

I couldn’t meet the team before the day, so i was out of any idea of arrangement and planning. I reached there lately, everyone were busy with their task, it looked like different team working for different things. It took while to understand the complete situation, i felt awkward for being late.

When the environment was like that, how can i stay behind. I planned to make the firefox OS App for Nepflights.com. It had been long time not doing development work, but i started to make it. I built the very basic version for my app : https://github.com/prakashneupane/Nepflights

It’s not just about what we built on that day. It’s about where we are today after 2 years and who are we now. Every Achievement is the step to move forward, i hope next year there will lot to do and lot to share…..

International Open Data Day 2013

International Open Data day is close to us, more than 100 countries are celebrating this day by doing hackathon and other activities in their region.

What is International Open Data Hackathon?

It’s a gathering of citizens in cities around the world to write applications, liberate data, create visualizations and publish analyses using open public data to show support for and encourage the adoption open data policies by the world’s local, regional and national governments

What is open Data?

Open data is data that anyone is free to use, reuse and redistribute without restriction (except, perhaps the requirements to attribute and sharealike).

We can summed like “A piece of data or content is open if anyone is free to use, reuse, and redistribute it — subject only, at most, to the requirement to attribute and/or share-alike.”

Why this open Data Day?

  • Learn about open data.
  • Find out how your local and national government could do more to release open data.
  • Engage NGO, INGO and private companies in the uses of open data for the products and missions
  • Meet & network with tons of cool people in your city and around the world.
  • Voice your opinion & share your ideas with the people and media attending.
  • Find out about apps being created, and get to play around with them as well
  • Help out with parts of the conceptualization, creation, design, advertisement and testing of apps.
  • Conduct an open tutorial sessions around using open data,like learning how to customize maps to show the data you want to show.
  • Have lots and lots of fun.


Who is this Event for?

This event is open for everyone, so if you want to learn about how to analyze these open data, if you have something in your mind to use open data, if you want to code something and make it useful for everyone, if you know how to make thing better look it, if you want to find the interesting place to contribute or you just like to know what is happen around you can join in event… no matter your skillset or interests.

How this will work?

  • This will happen in 23rd Feb Saturday.
  • It should be Open, anybody can in and out.
  • Anybody can organize.
  • Anybody can hack on anything that appeal opendata.
  • Share ideas across city on the day.

What do we plan in Nepal?

For the first time, we are planning to celebrate this day in Nepal. YIPL, Open DRI Nepal and Mozilla Nepal with co-organization of Wikipedia Nepal, FOSS Nepal, IOE, KU, OSAC and other organization we are planning to do some hackathon, mapathon, wikiedithon and some other interaction program.

Details will come later

More Information will be in http://opendataday.org/

Mozilla South Asia Inter-Community Meet-up 2013


The first Mozilla South Asia Inter-Community meet-up will take place in Kathmandu, Nepal, on 23-24 February 2013, with the coordination from Mozilla Nepal Regional community. It will bring together community leaders from the South Asia, including paid staff from across the SAARC countries, to meet for 3 days of presentations, breakout sessions and discussions to plan the implementation of the Mozilla South Asia community road map for 2013 and ensure that the regional community is fully aligned with greater engagement efforts across the Mozilla organization.

The aim of the workshop is to enable Mozilla communities in the South Asia region to share and learn from each other’s experience working on the Mozilla Project, improve collaboration in the future, and work on specific tasks. The event will be focused on operations & roadmap planning for each existing local communities of the South Asia.

South Asia is a unique region with diverse cultures and with a great community presence. The three day meet will help nurture, plan and motivate the regional communities to collaborate, develop and grow.



The core goal of this event is to determine the near-future action planning in South Asian region. Hence, this is a leadership meetup. Although, we’ll have the opportunity to flaunt Mozilla presence in a public cross-community FOSS event at Open Data Day, on the afternoon of 23rd Feb.

In this public event for Open Data Day (ODD), with the assistance of Mozilla Nepal community, we can spread awareness about Mozilla project, Firefox Mobile & Desktop, Firefox OS, Webmaker, and how easy it is to get involved in it.

Expect expectations from you. Represent your community, be proactive. Prepare to talk about your focus area, your contribution, new ideas you’d like to get a feedback on, or want to suggest changes on how something has been done in the community.

for more details:


What happened in 13th ICT Conference?

Internet Society- Nepali Chapter and Computer Association of Nepal had organized 13th ICT conference and it was held in Yak and Yeti Kathmandu.

Program was inaugurated by Hon Keshav Man Shakya, Minister, Science, Technology and Environment.

In Inauguration, Speech Being delivered by Bikram Shrestha, General Secretary ISOC Nepal, Hon Keshav Man Shakya, Minister, Science, Technology and Environmen, Mr. Agni Kharel, Former Member, CA, Baburam Aryal, President ISOC Nepal.

Keynote Speaker was Mr, Rohan Samarjiva, CEO, Lirens Asia, Sri Lanka.

ICT conference 2013 Inauguration Program’s Vote of thanks and Closing remarks Speech by Mr, Binod Dhakal, President, CAN

First Session of First Day

13th ICT Conference 2013, Dr. Durgambani Patel, University of Pune, India Delivered a speech in Transparency, Accountability and Fairness in Public institution through ICT, Under First Session, which is under the session Chair Mr. Manohar Kr. Bhattarai, former Vice chairman HLCIT

Mr. Pankaj Kumar, Chief Marketing Officer, F1Soft International, Delivering and presenting his presentation on IT Resolutions and It’s Impact in Mobile Money Ecosystem.

After the presentation of our Speakers Dr. Durgambini Patel, Mr. Pankaj Kumar and Session Chair Mr. Manohar Kr. Bhattarai, summarized the session along with participants feedback.

Second Session of First Day

Second Session on Security of e-Democracy Started with Session Chair, Mr .Keshav Bhattarai, Secretary, MOSTE, Mr. Anup Baskota, NITC, ,Mr. Ganesh Prasad Bhatta, Chief Survey Officer, Department of Survey and Dr. Tek Bahadur Ghimire, Joint Attorney, Appellate Government Attorney’s Office

Mr. Anup Baskota, Execute Director of NITC, had a presented on Data Protection and Security at Government Integrated Data Center

Mr. Ganesh Prasad Bhatta, Chief Survey Officer, Department of Survey presented on Spatially Enabled e-Governance in Nepali Context.

Dr. Tek Bahadur Ghimire, Joint Attorney, Appellate Government Attorney’s Office, presented on Data Protection Law and Practice.

Second session includes Data Protection and Security at Government Integrated Data Center by Mr. Anup Baskota, NITC, Spatially Enabled e-Governance, Nepali Context by Mr. Ganesh Prasad hatta, Chief Survay Officer, Department of Survey and Data Protection Law and Practice by Dr. Tek Bahadur himire, Joint Attorney, Appellate Governement Attorney’s Office in the Chairmanship of Mr. Keshav Bhattarai, Secretary, MOSTE.

First Session of Second Day

13th ICT Conference 2013, second day first session( Third Session) started with the session chair Mr, Lilamani Poudel, Chief Secretary, Government on E-Participation: Changing Platform of Democratic Practices.

Mr, Richard Lamb, Manager, International Corporation of Assigned Name and Numbers, Remote (web) presented on #DNS #DNSSEC #IPV6 and Open Source Software from California.

Mr. Nil Kantha Upreti, Formar Acting Chief Commmissioner, Ellection Commission presented in the process of e-democracy with experience of the use of ICT in managing election in Nepal.

Due to some other task Lilamani poudel handover the session to Dr. Subarna Shakya Asst. Dean IOE

Mr. Anupam Agrawal, Consultant,, TATA Comsulting Service presented on e-Participation: Emerging trend and technology in Contemporary world.

Mr. Tulsi Prasad Gautam, Executive Director, National Identity Card Management Center, Presented on NID as tools for E- Particepation: Position of Nepal.

Dr. Manish Pokhrel, Kathmandu University, Presented on E-Democracy Application.

After the Successful Interaction with the participation, Third Session on e-participation: Changing platform of democratic practices, session chair Subarna Shakya  announce the end of the third session.

Second Session of Second Day

Fourth Session: Internet and Freedom of Expression Stared, Session Chair: Mr, Dharmendra Jha, Adviser, International federation of Journalists.

Mr. Ivan Lim, President, Asia Journalists, Presented on Freedom in Digital Societies.

Mr. Ahmed Swapan Mahamud, Executive Director, VOICE, Bangaladesh, Presented on Economy of Internet Freedom.

Mr. Babu Ram Aryal, Advocate, President, ISOC Nepal, Presented on Decriminalization of Freedom of Expression Online.

Mr.Dharmendra Jha, Adviser, International federation of Journalists, the session Chair of Fourth Session: Internet and Freedom of Expression Concluded the fourth Session.

Panel Discussion 

Moderator Mr. Santosh Sigdel, Vice President, ISoc, Summerize about the Citizen’s Involvement in Democratic Process through ICT and started Panel Discussion.

One of the panel list, Prof. Ramkrishna Regmi, Purvanchal University is reflecting on the issues i.e. virtual public, Social Media, e-democracy through collaboration.

Another Panel list, Mr. Ganesh Shah, Former Minister, Nepal Government, thanks to CAN and ISOC for Inviting him, Powerful tools is ICT, Power is with the one who have ICT not with the one who are using traditional system, ICT adaption is very high in young generation and they can change the system, we cannot go forward without e-education, we don’t have ICT in decision making (alnost), Farmer are also using ICT for the work, Parties are not using ICT for their any work progress.

Panel list Ms. kalpana Dhammala, Former Minister, thanks to organizers, and explained on e-governence and saying that we must keep science and technoloy in governance, Hence we have mobile in all hand but we need to focus in the uses of ICT, we need to spread ICT in the doors of People. Life cannot run without ICT and we may not work without ICT, Government must build a master plan for development, I’ll also keep on working and will be walking with people for the progress of ICT

Panel list Young leader Mr. Gagan Thapa, Nepal Congress Member, ICT is itself is a Democratic tool, it can used and misused, if We need more democracy then we we must use ICT for positive framework, Information is lack to the people. we have to connect the parliament with the people, Technology is no luxury but a necessity, ICT is being used not for the participation but to show the anger, again ICT is a tool and an end, Digital divide is increased in Nepal, We can make government to use the tool.

People were very excitedly participated and arise some question as well put their comments and views for panel list. After the Panel Discussion: Citizen’s Involvement in Democratic Processes through ICT, focused in tittle and e-democracy our Two days ICT conference successfully ended with the SLOGAN “PROMOTING e-DEMOCRACY IN NEPAL” with Token of Love and final speech By Founder President Mr. Bimal Sharma and closing Speed by Adv. Baburam Aryal , President ISOC Nepal.


[IT-S Nepal] Braindigit 9th National ICT Conference 2013

The dynamics of Information technology is being change day by day and the impact of the newer technology has led youngsters move towards involvement of cyberspace with respect to cyber crime. Such crimes may threaten a nation’s security and financial health, as well as someone’s individual’s life and their data. Different social media are not only nurturing young minds to the digital world but also insist and encourage them to the pornography, cyber-crime and such other kinds which can manipulate those young minds to the physical world Crime. Awareness among Nepalese Students and Youths is now more concerned subjects and ITS, Nepal feel these responsibilities. The awareness among those students and youths from different part of the nation was guided by ITS-Nepal with respect to Internet security and the Cyber law of the nation.

Indeed, the convergence of telecommunications, computer science and audio-visual gave us today new Information Communication Technologies (ICT) is a must kind of thing and gradually developing worldwide. In this regards we wish all the government and non-government agencies to adapt the ICT for a sustainable development while strengthening the national, regional and international co-operation. Following the importance of ICT, ITS-Nepal seized this opportunity and launched “Braindigit 9th National ICT Conference 2013”.

IT-S Nepal identifying the grounds is going to organize Braindigit 9th National ICT Conference 2013 in a fresh month of New Year, January 26, 2013 which is a regular conference that organization conducts annually. The theme of conference is “Role of Youth in Information Security and Cyber Law” that addresses aforementioned parameters.

Achievement that can be gain with 9th National Conference

  • To aware about internet security and cyber law among youths.
  • To enable youth about the general concept of Information Communication Technology (ICT) and its associated careers
  • To develop, maintain and simulate youth’s curiosity, interest and enjoyment in technologies.
  • To promote the acquisition of appropriate technological skills, concepts, principle method and vocabulary.
  • To promote greater ICT awareness and opportunities among Nepalese governments, community and stakeholders.
  • To use technology in variety of subject areas and contexts with safer way

Topics that are going to be presented

  1. Network Security
    Mr. Ram Krishna Pariyar, Senior Network Engineer at Subisu Cablenet Pvt. Ltd Cisco QA for Nepal and Bhutan
  2. Cyber Crime & Cyber Law Implementation in Nepal
    Mr. Baburam Aryal, President-Internet Society Nepal Chapter, Chairman-Center for Law and Technology Pvt. Ltd.
  3. Exploring Web Vulnerabilities
    Mr. Narayan Koirala, QA Incharge, BrainDigit IT Solution Pvt. Ltd
  4. Where Should I Be Encrypting My Data
    Mr. Shree Pd. Khanal, Database Architect, Speaker and Trainer, Founder, Himalayan SQL Server User Group
  5. Information Security – Importance of having defined Policy & Process
    Mr. Soumya Mondal, Surya Nepal
  6. Power of Logs: Practices for network security
    Mr. Deepen Chapagain, CEO, Nepways
  7. Information Security Scenario Worldwide
    Mr. Danish Arshad, Business Development Manager, EC-Council



  • IT-S Members: NPR. 200.00 (Required Renewed  IT-S Member Card’s Photocopy)
  • Others participants: NPR. 300.00.


  • Knowledge about different scenario on “Information Security and Cyber Law”
  • Brunch will be provided
  • Certificate of Participation will be provided
  • Discount coupon on Certification on Security System of EC-Council

**Participant will be chosen on first come first serve basis.


Date: 26th January, 2013

Venue: ALFA HOUSE, 4th Floor Alfa Beta Complex, New Baneshwor

Time: 9:30 A.M Onwards

Social Dialogue in Telecom Sector: “Harmonizing Industrial Relation in the context of changing Business Model in ICTS Sector”

Social Dialogue in Telecom Sector

“Harmonizing Industrial Relation in the context of changing Business Model in ICTS Sector”

December 19-20, 2012

Venue: Hotel Himalaya

NTCWU, TEEN and UNICTS jointly organized the program to make social dialogue in telecom sector in Nepal.  Despite of cabinet meeting of government, chief guest of program Honorable Minister Raj Kishore Yadhav, Ministry of Information and Communication was came for 10 minutes and put his words.

Suvash Bajracharya, CEO Smart Telecom talked about new trend of business environment for licensed companies.

Narayan Neupane, Vice President of CAN put the words behalf of CAN working for ICTS development in Nepal. He said CAN is looking for infrastructure development and content development. He added 64% of mobile user indicate the role of telecommunication in Nation.

Jyoti Bania, General Secretary of consumer’s forum strongly recommends creating the favorable environment for existing industries and operators. He added this kind of social dialogue should be directed toward the easy, better and quality services. He said healthy competitive culture should developed among telecom sector in Nation.

Per Henson, HR director of NCELL talked about the challenge of NCELL in terms of fast and better service in very lower price. He mentioned about the relationship between union and management in NCELL , he proud to have such relationship, he added to make a profit and make success in company, both management and union should understand the business. His understanding was, it takes time to change, and we shouldn’t rush.

Ananda Raj Khanal, director of NTA suggested unions to change their images, he said people are understanding unions are destructive so now it’s time to change the definition with the changing business model.

Amar Nath Singh, MD of NTC, share an experience in telecom history. In his views, Telecom has 3 phases. First before 47- time was ruled by dictatorship, worst time of telecom. Seond phase After 47- changing the behavior in management and union and third phase is current time, which is the major development period, he said NTC is doing government role and proud to be most Taxpayer of Nation. He also said now a day unions are matured.

After this, inauguration ceremony for Social Dialogue had over .

Meanwhile there were 3 papers presented in program, In first session Ananda Raj Khanak, Director of NTA presented on Changing Business Model in Telecommunication/ICTs , he explained why this topic is so important in this age, he showed the factors creating the alarm situation in telecom sectors. Session was moderated by Sushil Kumar Ojha Joint Secretary of MOIC. where other panalist were MadhuSudhan Karmacharya from NTC, Suvash Bajracharya from Smart Cell, Mahendra Yadhav from Trade Union and Shankar Lamichhane from UNI-NLC.

Another Paper was on “Ethical Business for Better Social Partner ship: Role of Employer” by Mr. Tomy Holopeain CFO of NCELL. He explained the business procedure and social responsibility that NCELL is doing. He showed how NCELL is making relation with Government, NTA to follow the policies and working with Employees and union for better business understanding . at a time Mr. Chakrapani Acharya from NTC representing TEAN presented on “Efficiency: Concern of Trade Union”. Session was moderated by Kebal bhandari, Director of DOL. Panelist were Binay Bohara from ISPAN, Prabin Shrestha from SmartCell, Anada Khanal from NTA, Jyoti Bania from Consumer’s Forum and Shyam Sundar from NTC.

The two days program concluded after making dialogue among Union Representation from Telecom and ICTS Sector. and Finally it formed a new Draft Preparation Committee for Better Ethical practice for Union, management. The comittee was formed in the coordination of Shankar Lamichhane, followed by Prakash Neupane, Indu Charya, Ale ji, Rewati ji and Shankar Katwal.

[NRICTS] Monthly Technology Transfer – September 2012: Internet Security

Nepal Russia ICT Society is coming with new topic in this new session of Monthly Technology Transfer. The seventh regular monthly program is on topic of Internet security, this is the topic presenting on the day of Internet in Russia. The presenter of this September month will Nastya, Deputy Director of Russian Cultural Center.

The whole presentation will on the subject regarding Internet Security, not in its traditional understanding of scamming, bullying, DDoSing etc., but focusing on the global informational aspect of Internet.The main point will be Internet as means of creating public opinion, instrument of forming ideologies and controlling their spreading and influence and usage of social networks as platform of this kind of work.

The idea and purpose of this presentation is to show Nepali youngsters that security on the internet does not always mean viruses and trojans, it is much wider and complicated thing, concerning your mind and attitude towards other people, political situation, government, religion and so on, and that it is a good idea to know that there are special people whose profession is propogandistic or subversive activities, to stand your ground, develop criticizm and always analyze information before taking it, distributing further of acting.
If you like to join there please come there in Russian Cultural Center, kamalpokhari at 5:00pm wednesday 26th September.
here is a facebook event:

Elibrary ~ FOSS in education with SOS Teachers

SOS Children’s Villages Nepal scheduled our presentation on Monday 10th September 2012 in National Training Centre Kavre. We were supposed to presented in e-Library: FOSS in education. We managed our session for presenting combine by me Hempal dai and Ravi dai. We started our session for 9 am, from the topic of Library.

What is Library

Encyclopedia Britannica

Collection of information resources in print or in other forms that is organized and made accessible for reading or study.



A library is a collection of information, sources, resources, books, and services, and the structure in which it is housed: it is organized for use and maintained by a public body, an institution, or a private individual. In the more traditional sense, a library is a collection of books. The term can mean the collection, the building that houses such a collection, or both.


Various Dictionary

  • A place in which literary and artistic materials, such as books, periodicals, newspapers, pamphlets, prints, records, and tapes, are kept for reading, reference, or lending.
  • A collection of such materials, especially when systematically arranged.
  • A room in a private home for such a collection.
  • A commercial establishment that lends books for a fee.
  • A series or set of books issued by a publisher.
  • genetics A collection of cloned DNA sequences whose location and identity can be established by mapping the genome of a particular organism.


History of Library

Early libraries (2600 BC – 800 BC)

  • The first libraries consisted of archives of the earliest form of writing – the clay tablets in cuneiform script discovered in temple rooms in Sumer, some dating back to 2600 BC.
  • Over 30,000 clay tablets from the Library of Ashurbanipal have been discovered at Nineveh
  • Figure of Tablet from the Library of Ashurbanipal containing part of the Epic of Gilgamesh


Classical period (800 BC – 500 AD)

  • The Library of Alexandria, in Egypt, was the largest and most significant great library of the ancient world.
  • Private or personal libraries made up of written books appeared in classical Greece in the 5th century BC.
  • In the West, the first public libraries were established under the Roman Empire as each succeeding emperor strove to open one or many which outshone that of his predecessor. Unlike the Greek libraries, readers had direct access to the scrolls, which were kept on shelves built into the walls of a large room. Reading or copying was normally done in the room itself.


Middle Ages (501 AD – 1400 AD)

  • By the 8th century first Iranians and then Arabs had imported the craft of papermaking from China, with a paper mill already at work in Baghdad in 794.
  • By the 9th century public libraries started to appear in many Islamic cities. They were called “halls of Science” or dar al-‘ilm. They were each endowed by Islamic sects with the purpose of representing their tenets as well as promoting the dissemination of secular knowledge.
  • Buddhist scriptures, educational materials, and histories were stored in libraries in pre-modern Southeast Asia. In Burma, a royal library called the Pitaka Taik was legendarily founded by King Anawrahta in the 18th century



  • From the 15th century in central and northern Italy,


17th and 18th centuries

  • The 17th and 18th centuries include what is known as a golden age of libraries


Digtial libraries

  • Shift to digital libraries: In the 21st century there has been increasing use of the Internet to gather and retrieve data.


Types of Library

  • National libraries
  • Research libraries
  • Reference libraries
  • Public lending libraries
  • Academic libraries
  • Children’s libraries
  • Special libraries



e-Library also known as Digital Library also known as virtual Library.


Providing a definition of the term “elibrary” is difficult; even a recently published dictionary may not give a good one-sentence definition. In part, this confusion comes from the fact that “elibrary” can mean different things to different people, depending on their perception of the concept. For example, someone with a background in computer science may view a elibrary as networked or distributed information system, while a librarian may define a elibrary as a digital counterpart of the physical library. Actually, a elibrary may encompass either of these concepts.


A potentially virtual organisation, that comprehensively collects, manages and preserves for the long depth of time rich digital content, and offers to its targeted user communities specialised functionality on that content, of defined quality and according to comprehensive codified policies.


Advantages of eLibrary

  1. Digital libraries have become a means of easily and rapidly accessing books, archives and images of various types.
  2. Traditional libraries are limited by storage space; digital libraries have the potential to store much more information
  3. No physical boundary.
  4. Round the clock availability: people can gain access 24/7
  5. Multiple access: same resources can be used simultaneously by a number of institutions and patrons
  6. Information retrieval: user-friendly interfaces, giving clickable access to its resources.
  7. Preservation and conservation: Better than analog materials.
  8. Space.
  9. Added value


Challenges of e-Library

  1. Digital preservation
  2. Copyright and u: republication of material on the web by libraries may require permission from rights holders
  3. Metadata creation: Searchability
  4. Access to Technology
  5. User’s ability to retrieve information


Example of eLibrary

  • Google Scholar
  • Google Books
  • Million Book Project
  • Internet Archive
  • Wikipedia
  • Wikibooks
  • Project Gutenberg
  • Open Content
  • Open Educational Resources
  • Khan Academy
  • Open / virtual / online University
  • Open Culture movements
  • Pustakalaya.org
  • Epathi
  • Midas EduKit


eLibrary implementation

China: Peking University digital library

An experimental collection was created by the Chinese Department at Peking University with the assistance of a New Zealand Digital Library project member who visited there some years ago. The collection contains rubbings of Tang Dynasty poetry, whose originals were carved into wood or stone. These are collections of images, but the text has been hand-entered into electronic form.


India: Archives of Indian Labor

A Collaborative project between the National Labour Institute and the Association of Indian Labour Historians, the Archives of Indian Labour are dedicated to preserving and making accessible historic documents on the Indian working class. This library, which is in the English language, contains collections on the All India Trade Union Congress (1928-96), the Commission on Labour (1930-1991), an Oral History of the Labour Movement in India, and special collections on key events in India’s labour history.


Russia: Mari El Republic government information

The regional government department in the Mari El Republic of the Russian Federation has built several Russian-language collections. Most of the collections are administrative, but one contains folk tales. This site is interesting because, by themselves and on their own initiative, the site operators added a Russian-language interface to Greenstone, which at the time offered several other different user interface languages. Since then, interfaces in languages such as Hebrew and Indonesian have been added to the standard list. The current list includes Arabic, Chinese, Dutch, English, French, German, Hebrew, Indonesian, Italian, Maori, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, and Turkish.


India: Indian language demonstrations

Indian languages are particularly difficult to deal with because operating system (Windows) support for them tends to lag behind that for other widely-used languages. The Indian Institute of Science at Bangalore has built a demonstration collection that gives examples in both the Hindi (Devanagari) language and the Kannada language. To view these properly requires downloading special fonts; the sample pages give an example of each.


United Kingdom: Gresham College Archives

This collection includes all lectures given at Gresham College, London, from 1987, along with many other special publications, such as the Brief History of Gresham College (1597-1997). It is divided manually into the various subjects covered by the College. The collection is also issued on a standalone Greenstone CD-ROM that self-installs on any Windows computer and is accessed through a Web browser in exactly the same way as the online version.


United Kingdom: Kids’ digital library

A project at Middlesex University has been experimenting with a “Kids’ digital library,” deployed in a school in North London. Children can submit stories and poems to the library, which contains a collection of their work. Teachers can monitor submissions before they are incorporated. This project has involved significant changes to Greenstone at the coding level, which is possible because Greenstone is open source software.


International UNESCO Project

Digital libraries are radically reforming how information is disseminated and acquired in UNESCO’s partner communities and institutions in the fields of education, science and culture around the world, particularly in developing countries. The Greenstone project is an international cooperative effort with UNESCO established in August 2000. This initiative will encourage the effective deployment of digital libraries to share information and place it in the public domain. The version, released in August 2002, is monolingual (English), but a trilingual version is about to be released with all interfaces, help text, documentation (several hundred pages of user guides and developer manuals), and installation instructions and readme files in English, French and Spanish.


eLibrary implementation in Nepal


  • LTSP (Linux Terminal Server Project) deployments in remote schools in Dang, Godawari, Dailekh, Sudal, Dhading, Sindhupalchowk, Dhulikhel, Udayapur, Lamjung by Madan Puraskar Pustakalaya, Help Nepal Network, and FOSS Nepal
  • LTSP being deployed in 10 schools in Kathmandu by Kathmandu University
  • One Laptop Per Child (OLPC) being implemented in 26 remote schools in 6 districts by Open Learning Exchange (OLE) Nepal

IT in Mass Educationon the occasion of World Literacy Day in Nepal

Russian Cultural and Science Center, Mitra Kunja, Nepal Russia ICT Society and Cyber Chautari jointly organized the event called IT in Mass Education on the occasion of World Literacy Day. This program was held in Russian Cultural Center, Kamalpokhari Kathmandu Nepal on 7th september. The program was kind of interaction program, some participants were related with education, some were working with Library in Nepal, some were environment, some were business man and some were related with social entrepreneur as well.

The program was scheduled for two papers, first was Re-enforcement of early learning by Prabin Gautam and second was FOSS in Education by Hempal Shrestha. Prabin dai start with overview of Literacy and current statistics, Statistics was interesting somehow, Today Nepal literacy reached 61%, 95 % of households in Nepal are with in 30 minutes of access to the nearest school, 75 % rich people are literate while as 45 % of poor are only literate, the literacy rate of male and female in Nepal is 72 % and 45 % only. Prabin dai also mention some method of learning in Nepal, not only formal and regular school model is not enough to make better literacy in Nepal beside it here are some practice such as social learning class: given by NGo’s or government agencies, adult education ( where over age people can get education), informal education(not like school courses), There is also other famous and successful model like Reverse instructions Or blended learning, where any one can learn any where using inernet.

Prabin dai list out some challenges for e-learning in nepal.

  • Internet connection
  • Reluctance to use: nervous to use or hesitate to use
  • Exposure channels
  • Volunteers to pick up open source programs
  • Less trust in free stuff
  • Initiatives to use IT for education in big way
  • Takes away valuable work from so called experts
  • Reliance on others to show path


He showed demo on eBarnamanal, very easy tool


Second presenter was Hempal Shrestha, he had given on FOSS in Education. Hempal dai continue from the from where Prabin dai finished, he also showed some tools and demo on nepali tools develop by nepali for nepal such as epathi……

Later he moved on his topic, introducing FOSS technology, FOSS software and FOSS philosophy. He explained the base of idea of Free in the scene of Freedom, some level of freedom and some basic of licensing. He put his work very clearly in terms of Foss are programs whose licenses give users the[with] freedom to run them for any purpose to study and modify them and to redistribute.

He showed some rule that opensource software should follow. He touch some history of this concept called FOSS.

Hempal dai make points for connection of FOSS and educations

  • Ethically motivation begins
  • General licensing models: offer open to all, no explicit agreement necessary
  • The centrality of community : Pooling of resources


He showed lot of open source education tools that can be used very easily, and are available very openly. He also cover the involvement of FOSS Nepal Community in the field of education as well.


In this way, we celebrate IT in Mass Education on the occasion of World Literacy Day.