With the vision to empower all people to freely connect, create and share in a digital world that is participatory, transparent, and sustainable, for the first time Education Freedom Day has celebrated on 18th Jan 2014. It was decided in 2013 to celebrate this day from the same organizations, who has been celebrating Software Freedom Day. The major objective to educating the educators, librarians, students about the benefits of making and sharing the open knowledge and the tools already in place to achieve that objectives. We in Nepal had started to celebrate this day with the joint effort from Open Communities like FOSS Nepal Community, Mozilla Nepal, Wikimedia Nepal, VTS and GPF Nepal.
The program was hosted in GPF Premises in Kamaladi. Start from 11 AM, It was networking sessions where the people/communities has time to knowing each others, sharing cards, making connections. There were some stalls of communities like FOSS Nepal Communities, VTS, Mozilla Nepal and Wikimedia Nepal.
After 1 hour, Everyone entered to seminar hall, where we were suppose to present 3 topics in 1 hour. Prakash Neupane started the program with the objective of Education Freedom Day.
Prabin Gautam from FOSS Nepal Community also working as the lecturer in Kathmandu University was there for presenting FOSS for Education. He showed the example of open source software that educational institution can use.
Ganesh Poudel, from Nepali Wikimedia Community shows how professors and teachers can use wikipedia in class. He shows some case study of it. He explain about pilot program of Wikimedia Education Program in Nepal.
Martin Dluhos from Czech Republic, who is currently volunteer on OLE Nepal for OPLC program, and working in Free Software Foundation on past One Laptop Per Child : Universal Educational FOSS Platform, He presented the overview of OLPC, vision and demonstration of it.
Around 50 people actively participated this event. Probably the first event in 2014 where all the open knowledge activist gather up for mission.
The principles, protocols and values of open definition and freedom philosophy is rising in Nepal, If we see the last few month in sum, we can visualized the great impact.
On the same track, new open source community born this month, they named it ACME Open Source Community (AOSC). Very energetic, passionate and red/hot blooded guys with black ti-shirt guys seems hurried and worried about the program. The program was the grand opening of community itself and at the same time they brought the idea of introducing different organizations in program. Among those organizations Open Knowledge Foundation Nepal (OKF Nepal) was one.
The hall was full of participants, some guys make their sit in front by adding additional chair, some were sitting in desk, some were stand at last, some were looking from out side the door, honestly the hall seems small to that mass. Another interesting, there were not just student who were participated, teachers and staffs were also there in program.
The program was not very formal, but they cleverly did everything, The first presentation was from openDRI Nepal, Dr. Nama Budhathoki was there for presenting on openstreetmap. His slide explain all the story including the idea how it start and how this is emerging, and more attractively he explain the benefits over other prosperity maps like google. And He showed what openDRI Nepal is doing upto yet in Nepal. He visualized the mapped data of 2210 schools and 157 health facilities that already mapped.
Second presentation slot was allocated for Open Knowledge Foundation Nepal, Prakash Neupane Ambassador of OKFN for Nepal was there to presentation. His presentation was entitled as “Empowering through Open Knowledge”, he started from Who are Open Knowledge Foundation, and lead them toward the term open,
“A piece of data or content is open if anyone is free to use, reuse, and redistribute it — subject only, at most, to the requirement to attribute and/or sharealike.” – OpenDefinition.org
He showed how Open Knowledge promote openness using the 3 P, Protocols, Principles and Practices with some example ranging from dataprotocols.org, pantonprinciples.org to schoolofdata.org. He added how there open data help us for student, how can an individual can play role in national level.
Third Presentation was from Wikimedia Nepal Community, Ganesh Poudel President of nepali community was there for giving presentation on wikipedia and wikimedia nepal.
Last presentation was from OSAC, they share an experience how the idea of OSAC came out and how is thing going, what are obstacles and what are benefits for students.
The whole program was full of spirit, the student had full of zeal for learning and seems very passionate on open source ….. I think this name ( ASOC ) will be the example of next pioneer in openness initiative for Nepal…..
published on Nepal Telecommunication Authority Independent Workers Union´s Second SOUVENIR 2013
I like to start with the view of Walton Pantland “ICTs have the potential to profoundly transform unions and to permanently do away with their tendenciestowards oligarchy, labourism, ideological conformism and narrow protectionism”. This means ICT is efficient tolls for spreading and strengthening the unionism. For this, first the unions should change themselves, their uncomfortable organizational structure and their unrealistic hierarchal organizing patterns. The horizontal organizing behavior of technology explores the new relationship and in touches between reps and members no more traditional like.
The Pew Internet & American Life Project survey found that 36 percent of social networking site users say the sites are “very important” or “somewhat important” to them in keeping up with political news. It also found 25 percent of social network users surveyed said they became more active in a political issue after discussing it or reading posts about it, and 16 percent said they changed their views about an issue after discussing it or reading about it on the sites.
US President Barack Obama speaks during a “Twitter Town Hall” in 2011 in the East Room of the White House in Washington, DC. Social networks such as Facebook and Twitter are playing a growing role in US politics by helping users stay informed and energizing activists.
In Nepal, PM Baburam Bhattarai was one of the most active politicians in social network and web, and it plays crucial role for him to become prime minister. Now again to spectacle the faith from citizens he started twitter.
What Union Activist should be aware is, acceptance of ICT doesn’t guarantee for automatic results in increased worker militancy and engagement. The passions, patience and persistence strategy by union activists is required, as well as much experimentation. But the big problem of union is, they see ICT as simple communication tools using for communicate with in unions, broadcasting union message to members and other public, what they need to learn a cyberspace is aspace, where people work, organize politically, are entertained and educated, and engage in many fields of human endeavor.
There is something common between FOSS movement and union movement: representation of civic society. Open source Software are the result of combine efforts of people from world for world which resembles natural analog with labor movement. There is certainly an ideological congruence: Open Source proves that people can work together to build complicated and sophisticated products without bosses and mechanisms for workplace discipline. We know a Debian[Ubuntu/Mint] a computer operating system based on Linux. Debian’s development model is democratic, and the work of more than a 1,000 volunteers all over the world is coordinated through transparent and decentralized methods. The strongest thing about FOSS is they are free. Free as a freedom that means freedom to use, freedom to copy, freedom to change, freedom to redistribute. “In the long run, making programs free is a step toward the post-scarcity world, where nobody will have to work very hard just to make a living. People will be free to devote themselves to activities that are fun, such as programming, after spending the necessary ten hours a week on required tasks such as legislation, family counseling, robot repair, and asteroid prospecting.”. Then here comes question, why, then, do most trade unions still buy proprietary software when a supportive community of activists is able to provide free, Copyleft software that fulfills the same requirements?
At the very least, trade unions should seriously consider moving to FOSS as a matter of policy. It is worth pointing out that the developers of the Obama campaign understand the cultural implications of new technologies, and released all campaign materials under a General Public License, giving the public the complete freedom in contents and materials. This step reflects open society, what we union activist have been fighting for, so my suggestion is to use Open Source and let’s build Open Knowledgeable Society
It was the first formal program organized by OKFN Nepal.
OKFN Nepal with OSAC jointly organized the global event called Document Freedom Day in Nepal on 27th march 2013. The program was supported by FOSS Nepal and Central Department of Library and Information Science. We planned the venue for Amrit Campus, but due to some uncertainity we changed the venue to the venue of GPA Nepal. We started our program at 11:30.
Former Minister Ganesh Shah, Ministry of Science Technology and Environment welcomed all the participants and encourage us for these kind of movement for change. His speech once again motivated the youth of todayś.
Prakash Neupane, Ambassador of OKFN Nepal, presentaed on Document Freedom and Open Standard. He started by introducing about the Document Freedom Day, why this day celeberated, what is the motive. He discuss about the document open format and compatble issues and the problem. He presented about the open standard on documents, what it means to individual and and society.
After Prakash, Bhim Doj Shrestha head of Central Department of Library and Information Science presented Document Freedom and its Relevance in Libraries. He talked about the status of digital library practices in Nepal, obstacles and current problem of digitalizing the content. He talked about the different formats using in library and rises the issues of motivation for creaters/authors and technique to protect copyright/IPR of creator for making freedom of document format.
Demonstration on open Document tools had done by Utshab Bhetwal and Rajendra Sharma from OSAC, they demonstrate the Libre office and blue fish, and show what benefits of using this and how common for us, they encourage participate these tools for document freedom.
Finally Hempal Shrestha from FOSS Nepal, concluded the event.
On March 27 2013 , Document Freedom Day was celebrated at GPA Nepal, Kathmandu, Nepal. Last year in 2012, a small talk program on “Document Freedom Day 2012” was conducted at Kathmandu Valley Public Library by Bhim Dhoj Shrestha. This year “Document Freedom Day 2013” was coordinated by Prakash Neupane of Open Knowledge Foundation Nepal (OKFN) together organized jointly with Central Department of Library and Information Science, Tribhuwan University, OSAC and FOSS Nepal.
On the occasion Bhim Dhoj Shrestha, the Head of Central Department of Library and Information Science, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal presented on “Documented freedom and its relevance in Libraries”. He talked about Libraries in Nepal Just started transforming to Digital Format from Print Format and very few Libraries in Nepal started building collection in Full Text in digital formats. He talked how Libraries are supposed to be largest storehouse, Users and Purchaser of Full Text in digital formats regarding eBooks. He also told that Libraries cannot acquire all different Companies e-book Readers which could be a great hindrance, and discussed about Double tier copyright or IPR?
Some of the eBook Readers are SoftBook, Sony Reader, Intel Reader, Apple iPad, Nook Reader, Kobo eReader, Kindle and So on. The hindrances in digitizing are Financial, Technical and Human Resources in the libraries in Nepal. He explained how If we could not free document formats (document freedom). It may be Dead-like technologies, e.g: micro-film, micro-fiche, Ultra-fiche, etc. Mr. Shrestha also cite an example of Asha Archives, where century old manuscripts have been digitized in McIntosh format before two decades and now problem of accessibility.
Former Minister for Science and Technology gave inaugural speech on importance of Document Freedom. The other speakers were Mr Prakash Neupane of OKFN on Document Freedom and Open Standard. Demonstration on Open Data Tools was done by Utshab Bhetuwal and Rajendra Sharma of Amrit Science Campus. Mr. Hempal Shrestha of FOSS Nepal concluded the program.
Utshab Bhetwal from OSAC wrote this about praogam
Every year , the last Wednesday of March is celebrated as Document Freedom day . It is a day for celebrating and raising awareness of Open Standards and formats.On this important date people who believe in fair access to communications technology teach, perform, and demonstrate.
Following this trend of celebration,for the first time in Nepal , this year Open knowledge foundation Nepal (OKFN) and OSAC combinely involved in celebration , organizing a program . The programme was based on presentation , talk and demonstration on Open data , Open standards and Open data tools . GPA Nepal , Kamaladi was chosen as the venue for the event which started sharply at 11 am .
Firstly Prakash Neupane (our Senior Brother) presented on Document freedom and open Standard . Secondly Bhim Doj Shrestha (Head central department of library and information science TU) presented on Document Freedom and its Relevance in Libraries . In the similar manner Hempal Shrestha from FOSS Nepal discussed on interrelation of Open source with the Open documents and open standards . Last but not the least , Utshab Bhetuwal and Rajendra Sharma (members from OSAC ) presented and demonstrated on Open data tools (LibreOffice and Bluefish Editor)
Spandan Pradhan wrote about program:
On March 27 2013 , Document Freedom Day was celebrated in GPA Nepal, Kathmandu, Nepal. This was the first time a event on document freedom was organized in Nepal. Prakash Neupane as the ambassador of Open Knowledge Foundation Nepal (OKFN) together with OSAC organized this event which was supported by FOSS Nepal and Central Department of Library and Information Science (Tribhuwan University). Prakash Neupane started the event by calling Former minister Ganesh Shah on podium to give welcome speech. He as always gave a serious speech with fun filled environment. Remembering his youth days, he appreciated this effort of OKFN and today’s youth for initiative on Document Freedom. He recalled the days, when he as a youth wanted to open initiatives or group like this but it was hard at that time. Although his busy schedule, he managed time for this event.
बिज्ञान पुनप्रयोग र खुला आलोचना प्रकाशित बैज्ञानिक ज्ञानको शरीर विकाशमा आधारित गरिन्छ । विज्ञानलागि राम्ररी कार्य गर्न, र वैज्ञानिक प्रयत्नहरूबाट समाजकोलागि पूर्ण फाइदाहरु प्राप्तगर्न, विज्ञान तथ्यांकलाई खुला गर्नु अपरिहार्य हुन्छ ।
बिज्ञानमा खुला तथ्यांक भन्नाले हामी बुझ्छौ की यो इन्टरनेटमा सजिलो संग उपलब्ध हुनुपर्छ जहाँ जुनसुकै प्रयोगकर्ताले यसलाई सफ्टवेरमा डाउनलोड, प्रतिलिपिकपि, विश्लेषण, पुन-प्रक्रिया, पास गर्न अथवा कुनैपनि आर्थिक, कानुनी अथवा प्राविधिक अवरोध बिना अरु कुनै उधश्यकोलागि प्रयोग गर्न पाउछ । यसको अन्त्यमा प्रकाशित बिज्ञान संग सम्बन्धित तथ्यांक सर्वसाधारण क्षेत्रमा सुस्पष्ट रुपमा राखिनुपर्छ ।
औपचारिक रुपमा, हामी यी सिधन्तहरुमा अपनाउन र कार्यगर्न सिफारिस गरिन्छ :
१. जहाँ तथ्यांक वा तथ्यांकको संग्रह प्रकाशित हुन्छ त्यहा महत्वपूर्ण हुन्छ कि तिनीहरु प्रकाशकहरुको इक्षा र आशाको स्पष्ट र प्रस्ट बयानका साथ प्रकाशित हुनुपर्छ साथै व्यक्तिगत तथ्यांक तत्व, पूर्ण तथ्यांक संग्रह र संग्रहको उपसमूहको पुन प्रयोग र पुन उधश्यको सम्मान हुनुपर्छ। यो बयान सटिक, स्थिर र लाइसेन्सको रुपमा एक उपयुक्त र मान्यताप्राप्त कानुनी बयान हुनुपर्द्छ ।
जब तथ्यांक प्रकाशन गर्दैहुनुहुन्छ आफ्नो इच्छाहरुको एक स्पष्ट र बलियो बयान बनाउनुहोस् ।
२. धेरै व्यापकरुपले मान्यता प्राप्त लाइसेन्सहरु तथ्यांक अथवा तथ्यांकहरुको संग्रहहरुको निम्ति बनेको छैन र उपयुक्त छैन। धेरै किसिमको छुट र लाइसेन्स जुन डाटाको लागि डिजाइन र तथ्यांकको उपचारको निम्ति उपयुक्त छन् यहाँ बर्णन गरिएको छ | क्रियटिभ कमन्स लाइसेन्स (CCZero बाट अलग), GFDL, GPL, BSD आदि हरु तथ्यांकको लागि उपयुक्त छैन र तिनीहरुको प्रयोग दृढता संग निरुत्साहित गरिन्छ ।
मान्यता प्राप्त छुट वा लाइसेन्स प्रयोग गर्नुस जुन तथ्यांकको निम्ति उपयुक्त हुन्छ ।
३. लाइसेन्सको प्रयोग जसले विशेष प्रयोजनों को लागि वा विशिष्ट व्यक्ति वा संगठन द्वारा उपयोगलाइ छोडेर व्यावसायिक पुन उपयोग सिमा अथवा ब्युत्पन्न कार्यको उत्पादन सीमालाई दृढता संग निरुत्साहित गरिन्छ । यस्ता लाइसेन्सहरु डाटासमूहहरुलाई प्रभावकारी एकत्रित र पुन उद्देश्य असम्भव बनाउछ र डाटा संरक्षणलाइ समर्थन गर्न प्रयोग हुनसक्ने व्यवसायिक गतिविधिलै रोक्छ ।
यदि तपाई आफ्नो तथ्यांकलाई प्रभावकरी रुपले उपयोग गर्न चाहनुहुन्छ र अरुहरु बाट थप्न चाहनुहुन्छ भने त्यो खुला ज्ञान/ खुला परिभाषाले परिभाषित गरेअनुसार खुला हुनुपर्छ- बिशेषरुपले गैर व्यवसायिक र अन्य रतिबंधात्मक खंड गरिनु हुनुहुदैन ।
४. यो बाहेक, बिज्ञानमा यो कडा सिफारिस गरिएको छ कि तथ्यांक, बिशेषगरी जहाँ सार्वजनिक पुंजी हुन्छ, स्पष्ट रुपमा सार्वजनिक डोमेन, समर्पण र लाइसेंस अथवा क्रिएटिव कमन्स शून्य छूट को उपयोगको मध्यमबाट सार्वजनिक डोमेनमा राखिनु पर्दछ । यो धेरै बैज्ञानिक अनुसंधान र बैज्ञानिक समुदाय भित्र साझा गर्न र पुन उपयोग गर्ने सामान्य लोकाचारको सार्वजनिक धनको साथ ध्यानमा राखिन्छ ।
PDDL or CCZero माध्यमबाट सार्वजनिक डोमेनमा तथ्यांक अंतर्निहित प्रकाशित विज्ञानको स्पष्ट समर्पण कडा सिफसिश गर्छ र खुला पहुच र खुला ज्ञान/ तथ्यांक परिभाषा लागुगर्न दुवै बिज्ञान कमन्स प्रोटोकल पालना सुनिचित गर्छ ।
”’दस्तावेज स्वतन्त्रता दिवस(Document Freedom Day)”’ भनेको बिश्व भरी नै खुला मानक तथा खुला दस्तावेज बनावट को बरेमा सर्वसाधारणलाइ जनचेतना दिलाउने उत्सव हो । यो दिवस हरेक वर्ष अग्रेजी महिना मार्चको अन्तिम वुधवार मनाइन्छ । सर्वप्रथम यो २००८को मार्चको अन्तिम वुधवार, २६ तारिकको दिन मनाइएको थियो । यो दिन मनिसहरु, जो संचार प्रविधिमा वरावरी पहुचको मान्यता राख्दछन्, उनीहरु अरुलाई सिकाउछन, प्रस्तुत गर्छन, प्रदशन गर्छन ।
यो वर्ष अहिले सम्म करिब ३० वटा राष्ट्रमा कार्यक्रम दर्ता भैसकेको छ र यो क्रम बढ्दो छ । नेपालमा पनि यो दिवस पहिलो पटक ओकेएफएन नेपाल (OKFN Nepal) ले ओसाक् (OSAC) को सहआयोजनामा आयोजना गरेको छ । उक्त दिन विशेष गरी दस्तावेज स्वतन्त्रता, खुला डाटा, सफ्टवेयर स्वत्रन्त्रता, खुला दस्तावेज सामग्रीको बारेमा चर्चा एवं प्रदशन गर्नेछौ ।
I got the opportunity to present the open tourism in terms of technical aspect of ICT and Tourism in Valley wide web page competition on 3rd March 2013, organized by ANNFSU P.U. Valley Bagmati Zome Coordination Committee. I must say this was the first public presentation, after being ambassador of Open Knowledge Foundation Nepal. Day before, I got ring from Spandan Pradhan, one ICT enthusiastic e Nepal, and he asked me to present on technical aspect of ICT and Tourism … due to very short time, I thought for a while and conformed. I started to prepare my presentation, consult with some experts, asked suggestion in our internal discussion, gone through research papers and finally ready. The program was inaugurated by Former Finance Ministry Surendra Pandey but I went there after formal session, there was the competition between 10 innovate web team (persuading engineering in different colleges). At the end of program, I invited for presentation. Here is the summary what I presented there
We are substantiation for revolution in ICTs, which profound implication for economic development and social development has driven this world. It has pervaded every aspect of human life whether it is health, education, economics, governance, entertainment, tourism etc.
In terms of Tourism, ICT is consider as broad terminology referring to multiple communication technologies which range from simple and complex namely Cell Phone applications (SMS), Digital Cameras, Internet, Wireless, VOIP,GPS, GIS, Convergence (data, voice, media), Digital radio and many more.
Tourism is currently one of the fastest gowning industries across the world. It is primarily a service industry as it does not produce goods but renders services to various classes of people. It is an combination of various interrelated industries and trade like food industry, transport industry etc. It is an complicated business because it involves multiple socio-economic activities like attracting people to a destination, transporting them, housing, feeding and entertaining etc.
ICT is crucial driving force in the current information driven society for tourism, It has provided new tools and enabled new distribution channels, thus creating a new business environment. The use of Geospatial Information Technologies in the recent years across the globe for varied purposes is popularly known and Tourism industry has not been an exception in availing its advantages. The role of ICT tools in the industry for marketing, operation, and management of customer is widely known
But the question arise why ICT fails (specially in the developing country like Nepal ). It is not limited but the main reasons are due to not compatible for all devices (from desktop to mobile), not able to give information what people looking for. It is very difficult to find prices, availability and tour times, not showing currency conversions or a link to do it. Most common cases is not updated frequently : out of date prices, discounts. Most of the sites are not accurate mapping : stick a pin in a map of their location, but GPS taking us far from it. Not good in search engine and mot recommended on social networks and travel networks. Sometimes, no instant contact method. If we consider these things I think your site will better readable for visitors.
Unavailability of Internet and Education
Chances of misusing and misunderstanding of data/information
Search engines for tourism
Awareness of scope and importance of digital way
What is the Way?
Lets make it open. Where, Open Definition sets out principles to that define “openness” in relation to data and content.
“A piece of data or content is open if anyone is free to use, reuse, and redistribute it — subject only, at most, to the requirement to attribute and/or share-alike.”
Open Tourism motivate for potential powerful network, this means aggregation of simple action by millions of people creates better effect. We can say crowd sourcing is the way for making millions of people from different places involve in action, so finally it makes huge.
This drives the people to come in single platform, so it reduces extra effort of group formation and collaboration. What we learned from past that, the organizing and collaborating is the most essential part for vibrant change driven society, and these days, the open technology lead this in very low budget and low time
Open Tourism guarantee the equal role and right for each individuals, so it call for global participation and extend the possibilities for external participation.
Open tourism is the lane for innovation and creativity, this explore the new possibility for social development and economic development, which lead the new possibilities of market. It can be the gateway for new business idea and new business opportunity
Free culture promotes the freedom to distribute and modify the creative works in forms of content.
Open street map is wiki map, where everyone is producer and consumer of mapping data. So people can easily add the places and paths. This is more reliable to explore and creates new tourist destinations.
Being new is your weakness and sometime strength, Weakness don’t have an experience and strength do have chance of justifications. With this credence Mozilla Nepal gained an energy and ready for take responsibility to host Mozilla South Asia – Meet up in Kathmandu for first time from its establishing. Either we were moving with time (schedule) or time was moving with us, we managed everything on time. I was late than others (but in contact and coordination), Avash and other guys were managing everything, I joined there after everyone reached in venue (except Gen), met Soumya and Vineel at first, and later meet everyone in lobby. We went to Annapurna for ice beak with coffee, got there MAK (good in Localization) and Danishka (no need to explain), …. and followed by nepali food with nepali culture dance. I saw one common thing in this South Asia Region; we lacked ample participation of female, thanks to Priyanka and Huda who balanced nature.
Second day was kick off, introduced each other with answer of simple 3 questions who I am?, What I do in Mozilla and What is my planning for 2013 and also had done SWOT analysis of community. At a same time open Data day was also happening in jawalakhel, and being the one of the organizers of event, I leaved hotel and went to program venue with Bansaj(other were in hotel). We arranged banners and other stuff there, and gathered participants for Mozilla Public Program. I remembered many of them were asking for T-shirts and badges and I told they would get if they stay on program. After the arrival of Jumbo team of Mozilla, we started from the community introduction without delaying, the development team demonstrated Firefox OS, and later other mozillians talked about other projects of Mozilla like Web maker, Pop corn, NeMo, Localization. At last, tried for some sort of Neplai FOSS community’s interaction with Mozilla; and back to hotel.
Third day, after breakfast, we started our discussion from identifying what is not working in our communities; It was great because of the instant response and solution from other communities. That discussion had expanded the way to move over the problem. And finally, we made taskforce and made roadmap for 6-12 months. I belong to PR Task force and Marketing Task Force, I have some goals to obtain in my coming days.
The whole things were out of expectation, I thought the participants would be senior (old generations, where I have to heard their babbling) but no one was like that. But the functional fashion of them are matured than usual youngers one. Yes the event has over, but the people, words, actions-reactions are revolving in my mind….. missing those days and faces….
World was celebrating International Open Data Day Hackathon in more than 100 cities. In Nepal, for the first time, Young Innovations, OpenDRI/WorldBank and Mozilla together with co-organizers like Freedom Forum, NGO Federation of Nepal, aidInfo, Wikimedia Nepal, Institute of Engineering, Kathmandu University, OSAC, FOSS Nepal, NEC and other supporters celebrated Open Data Day on February 23, 2013 (Saturday). More than 400 participants were visited event. The event was full of activities ranging from hackathon( where hackers sat for 5 hours and cook some apps) to open stalls (where people loved to hang out with what stalls showed them). The interesting thing was the excited crowed was looking for Mozillians (who had travelled Kathmandu from different cities for event).
What happened in Open Data Day in Nepal:
Program was started with the presentation on what is Open Data and Open Data Day, Why Open Data, why the world is moving toward the open data and how it makes sense for Nepalese. Open DRI presented about the Open Street Map and explore how much works has been done and where this movement is forwarding. Wikimedia Nepal gave presentation on Wikipedia and other presentations were done by Mozilla.
Open Data Hackathon
The whole day, hackers were drowning in the spot coding sprint. This means developers, designers, statisticians, analysts and data geeks were sitting together and used the data that is there in public domain to create applications and products that gives more meaning to these data. After uninterrupted hours of hacking, they finally presented the prototype of their developed application to judge. “Petroleum Product” visualizing the data of Nepal Oil Corporation and comparing it with the Indian Oil Corporation, won the first prize, and they got Rs. 10K. “Obudget” and “Open Data Social” both won the Runnerup and got 5K price each.
The World Bank’s Open Data for Resilience Initiative (OpenDRI) conducted Mapathon wherein the participants collected field data, edit and digitize satellite imagery to create an open and free online map of the Kathmandu Valley using open street map. It started in 9:45 with 53 mappers and the team of mentors from NEC and KU, OpenDRI. All the participants were taught about the tools that they would be using to edit building footprints. Interesting that day, Nepal was ranked with in top 10 for OSM edits in the world with 53 mappers and 51,888 nodes.
Wikimedia Nepal had started with the PowerPoint presentation and later done some wiki editathon. Wikimedia team had also a stall for interacting with visitors came there.
Mozilla South Asia Meetup-Public Event
This event was very different and very anticipation not because of participation of Mozilla in Open Data Day, but due to reason of participation of 17 community leaders from communities of South Asian regions. The program was started with the introduction of Mozilla Nepal followed by demonstration of Firefox OS(B2G) in simulator. People share about the localization and progress have done by nepali community as well. Guys from other community also presented other products like webmakers, x-ray goggles, pop-corn makers and other. They shared how other people beyond the technical knowledge can contribute in Mozilla. Later on crowd were very excited to see and feel the Firefox mobile handsets and interact with Mozilla community members.
Open Data Stalls
There were around 10 different stalls to showcase activities and initiatives related to Open Data Initiatives in Nepal from civil society, academia, tech-community, etc.
The open data is the part of open movement of Nepal like open Source, open access. This is program will be the great step toward the embellishment of open transparent Nepal and civil participating environment in National issues and agenda .
कुनैपनि डाटालाई विनासर्त प्रयोग गर्नपाउने, त्यसलाई आवश्यकता अनुरुप परिमार्जन गर्नपाउने, त्यसलाई अरुमा वाड्नमिल्ने अधिकार सुनिश्चित हुन्छ भने, त्यसलाई खुला डाटा भनिन्छ | ज्ञान संसारकै सबै भन्दा शक्तिशाली तत्व हो र त्यो कोहि एकको पहुच र अधिकारभित्र राख्नु भन्दा सबैको पहुचमा हुदा त्यसको प्रयोग र संभावना बढ्छ भन्ने मान्यताले खुला डाटाको अवधारणा अघि बढेको हो | यो कुरा नया भने होइन, मात्र यसको संस्थागत परिभाषा नया हो | खुला डाटा विशेषगरी सरकारी डाटा, नक्सा, भुमि, अर्थतन्त्र, लगायतका डाटाहरु हुने गर्दछ |
खुला डाटाको निम्ति यी कुराहरु हुनुपर्छ :
उपलब्धता र पहुँच
खुला डाटाहरु सुविधायुक्त एवं परिमार्जन गर्न मिल्ने बनावटमा सजिलै इन्टरनेट बाट डाउनलोड गर्नमिल्ने हुनुपर्छ | यसको न्युनतम मूल्य राखेर बेच्न पनि सकिन्छ |
पुनप्रयोग र पुनवितरण
यी डाटाहरु पुनप्रयोग र परिमार्जन गर्नसकिन्छ | अन्तत यी डाटाहरु अन्य डाटाहरु मिलाएर पनि वितरण गर्न सकिन्छ |
प्रत्यक व्यक्तिको प्रयोग गर्ने, परिमार्जन गर्ने र त्यसलाई वितरण गर्ने बराबर अधिकार हुन्छ
डाटा किन खुला गर्ने :
कुनै पनि प्रजातान्त्रिक मुलुकमा जनताको पैसा र सहयोगबाट संचालित त्यसदेशको सरकार, राजनीतिक पार्टी, संघसंस्थाहरुको अवस्थाको बारेमा बुझ्न पाउनु जनताको अधिकार हुन्छ, त्यसैले सरकार, राजनीतिक पार्टी, संघसंस्थाहरूले आफ्नो हरेक डाटा सजिलै उपलब्ध गराउनु पर्दछ तर उक्त डाटा सबैले बुझ्न नसक्ने हुनसक्छ, तसर्थ उक्त खुला डाटा अरु कसैले प्रयोग गरी सबैले बुझ्नसक्ने चित्रमा रुपान्तरण गर्न सक्छ |
सामाजिक र व्यवसायिक मूल्य
हामीलाई थाहा छ, सामाजिक एवं व्यवसायिक विकासको निम्ति डाटा भनेको सबैभन्दा ठुलो स्रोत हो | सरकारसंग यातायात देखि आर्थिक सम्मको सबै डाटा हुनेगर्दछ, र यस्तो खाले डाटाहरु खुला हुदा अरु नया सृजनसिल सामाजिक एवं व्यवसायिक संभावना बद्छ |
धेरै जस्तो जनताहरु सरकारको पहुचमा हुने भनेको चुनाबमा मात्र हुन्छ, तर डाटा खुला हुदा जनताको सिधा सहभागिता सरकारको निर्णयगर्ने कुरा सम्ममा हुनसक्छ | यसबाट जनताको भुमिका हेर्ने बाट गर्नेमा पुग्छ |