Wikipedia Education Cooperative Kickoff held on Prague, Czech Republic

Global Education team of Wikimedia Foundation decided to make one peer to peer meeting on 8th and 9th March in Prague, where they selected representatives from different education program initiatives running in different countries. The meeting was intended to cover 16 participants, where 14 were able to make there. The participants were from Nepal, Czech Republic, Serbia, Ukraine, United Kingdom, Israel, Mexico, Arabic World, US and Canada. The major goals of this program was to understand the experience of each other and make some global strategy to foster this program.

In 2 days program, First day was focused on challenges that people found in their implementation and some success they experience. We learned best way to teaching/training, we discussed on different tools available online, which we can localized in our language. We were also briefed about the using of Webmatrics, specially in Wikipedia Education Program for individual or group quantitative evaluation. We did one group work on the challenges we face, My team was working on Establishing WP’s place in Education, where we identified the problems and stakeholders. And figuring the message we should send to them with the different ways and approaches. And also gave our best to point our the role of Global team and local team.
Second day, was focused on defining mission statement of Cooperative in terms of goals, vision, tools, audiences and stakeholders. The idea was to establishing the global standard support with flexible means. While working on it, we found significance group with action: Communication group, Global Recognition group, Resource group, and Mentoring group.

Communication Group

  • Education List for Educators
  • Education List for Program Leaders
  • Develop Education Portal
  • Regular News letter

Global Recognition Group

GR for Students
By October 1, 2014, the Coop will create a Wikipedia driver’s license-like global student recognition with a set of standards.

GR for Instructors
By Wikimania 2014, the Coop will have a system in place to distribute teaching fellowships to instructors using Wikipedia as a teaching tool.

 GR for Program Leaders
Create (april 15), distribute (may 1), collect (june 1) a survey from all programs to determine individual needs for legitimacy as a program.
Review feedback (july 15) and create an action plan (at Wikimania, in august), present results (at Wikimania, in august), and enact action plan (december 1).

Mentoring Group

  • Interview program leaders and facilitate them through out the program.
  • Pilot 2 ways of mentoring before the first term of the 2014-2015 school year

Resource Group

  •  Review existing Resource
  • Identifying the Key stakeholder of page
  • Determine useful resource
  • Establish the process to reach each program

I am one of the member of Global Recognition Team

3rd preparatory meeting on International Literacy Day 2013


It was 3rd preparatory meeting for celebration International Literacy Day. Different distinguished people from different place, to be the part of this meeting. As usual venue was in Smart Samaj, GPA Building and dated on 8th July 2013, next alternate monday.

Prakash Neupane, started the program with the flash back of the activities and discussion. Ashish Khanal, Founder of Smart Samaj, presented on ICT tools for Education.

Some Highlights:

– Why we always looking forout of shight, we have lot of thing need to do here in our surrounding

– ICT can be good tools for innovation and new learning

– traditional learning have lot of limitation

– some practice have seen to replace traditional education

– chalk and board can be replace by digital boards and projectors

– We can’t eliminate totally

– REduce Digital Divide by ICT in Education

– Student, Teachers and Parents are real stakeholders for bulding better education


Pradip Bamjam – Trainner, activist and work in Sthupa College, Bholi ko Nepal , He share this experience of working in education. The struggle he did with the government, He raised some concern as well:

– How to find the deserving role model

– Defination of education is almost changing,

– why can’t student good only on one subject

He even add his story of 6th grade, how he scare if meaning less learning and what his action on it. He strongly stand on our role in policy making, need to survey and research what the new generation need, may be joyful learning is on demand, no more philosophy it time for productive learning.

Ram Pant, who have also a long experience in community development and continuously supporting community institution also share his experience. He think schools and teachers are not very aware with utilizing the available resources and tools, so as per him, first we should focus on empowering teachers through training. Most school who have computer also faced the scarcity of content, and the best way to address it could be open content. He added the mobile could the right way to reach all the schools, teachers and students.

Ganesh Shah concluded the discussion, he said the education development is very essentials and basis of further development. He said the contribution should be done from every individuals to change it.




2nd preparatory meeting on International Literacy Day 2013

International Literacy Day 2013

After we made our first preparatory meeting on International Literacy Day for 2013, We have move ahead on doing next, Second Preparatory Meetup on International Literacy Day. The venue was same, time was 5 pm and date was on 24th June 2013.

Mr. Manohar Bhattarai
Mr. Ganesh Shah
Mr. Ram Panta
Mr. Robin Shah
Mr. Prakash Neupane
Mr. Ashish Khanal
Mr. Utsav Bhetuwal
Mr. Rajesh Khadka

Although the program was informal, we have one presentation in event as earlier, This time Prakash Neupane was presenting on “Trends of e-Learning” Where he presented with the simple definition of this terms and how people are naming it. He explained it’s features which turns the e-Learning in this dimensions. He showed the history from 1728 and it’s development with time and technology. Finally he presented what new trends are growing these days like mobile, social computing, games, web2.0, open content.

After his presentation, everyone started to discuss, how this is happening and how Nepal is adopting this one. Manohar Bhattarai, pointed out the factors resulting the failures in education of Nepal. He enlighten the role of ICT in education and discuss the sustainable business model for ICT in Education. He suggest the current need of project repository system: the good example that xomes on this was that the culture of giving contunity to the predecessor’s projects can lead to develop the business valued project in some years, rather than starting same project each years from scratch.

Importantly he pointed need of new trends of ICT business, he anticipated that the new comers will come with the good partnering with domain experts. So he means in the changing scenario of economic development IT companies can’t stand
alone only with the tech experts.

Mr. Ganesh Shah pointed out some educational statistics in Nepal like; there are 2 lakhs teachers in education ministry. He said that about 16% of GDP is allocated for education purpose and assured education ministry being the largest ministry of Nepal.
Mr. Robin Shah, who is new startup shared his experience while persuading education in India.

And Finally we discussed what can be an agenda and goal of upcoming International Literacy Day, so the better idea we discussed there was on gathering educational actors and stakeholders ranging from private institution to government.

Preparatory meetup for International Literacy Day 2013 is kicked off.

interantioanl literacy 10th June 2013, it was the first ever preparatory meeting for coming international literacy day. The education activist/actor from different sector like private organizations, civil organizations and government experienced people gathered and start the discuss. The meeting had not any specific agenda but only concerned on upcoming literacy day. We talked in very details, we talked about the real status of education in Nepal limitation on unreached rural area.

 Education is the baseline for overall development, it create the sustainability to achieve goals. Education is for what we say skill and knowledge. Literacy is at the heart of basic education for all, and essential for eradicating poverty, reducing child mortality, curbing population growth, achieving gender equality and ensuring sustainable development, peace and democracy. Today we say Literacy is a human right, which help every one to empowering which leads the development of social and culture.

 Here is one statement from Irina Bokova, UNESCO Director General”

Education brings sustainability to all the development goals, and literacy is the foundation of all learning. It provides individuals with the skills to understand the world and shape it, to participate in democratic processes and have a voice, and also to strengthen their cultural identity. “  

 This explore the importance of literacy in individuals and nation.

 About the Day

  •  September 8 was proclaimed International Literacy Day by UNESCO on November 17, 1965. It was first celebrated in 1966.
  • For over 40 years now, UNESCO has been celebrating International Literacy Day by reminding the international community that literacy is a human right and the foundation of all learning.

  • Aim : to highlight the importance of literacy to individuals, communities and societies.

  • On International Literacy Day each year, UNESCO reminds the international community of the status of literacy and adult learning globally.

  • Celebrations take place around the world.

Some Facts in Literacy

  • Some 775 million adults lack minimum literacy skills; one in five adults is still not literate and two-thirds of them are women.

  • 60.7 million children are out-of-school and many more attend irregularly or drop out.

  • According to UNESCO’s “Global Monitoring Report on Education for All (2006)“,South and West Asia has the lowest regional adult literacy rate(58.6%), followed by sub-Saharan Africa (59.7%), and the Arab States (62.7%).


 2007 and 2008 was “Literacy and Health”

With prizes awarded to organizations at the forefront of health education

In particular, International Literacy Day 2008 had a strong emphasis on Literacy and Epidemics with a focus on communicable diseases such as HIV, Tuberculosis and Malaria, some of the world’s forefront public health concerns.

2009-2010 was “Literacy and Empowerment”

Special consideration was for Gender Equality and the empowerment of women.

2011-2012 was “Literacy and Peace”

2013 not decided

Literacy in Nepal


Literacy Rate (all)

Male Literacy

Female Literacy





age 15 and over can read and write (2010 census)




In year 2011

Highest literacy rate is reported in Kathmandu district (86.3%) and lowest in Rautahat (41.7%)

The net primary enrollment rate was 74% in 2005;  in 2009, that enrollment rate was at 90%.

However increasing access to secondary education (grades 9-12) remains a major challenge, as evidenced by the disturbingly low net enrollment rate of 24% at this level. More than half of primary students do not enter secondary schools, and only one-half of them complete secondary schooling.

In addition, fewer girls than boys join secondary schools and, among those who do join, fewer complete the 10th grade.

Reference :

“National Population and Housing Census 2011 (National Report)“, Central Bureau of Statistics (Nepal). Retrieved 26 November 2012.

Human Development Report 2010 – Nepal“, Retrieved 25 January 2011.

 “News & Broadcast – World Bank Supports School Sector Reforms in Nepal“, World Bank. 22 September 2009. Retrieved 20 June 2010.

Nepal – Overview“, World Bank. Retrieved 4 Feb 2013.

Internet Based eLearning : New Millennium Union Education

CLASS Nepal and NILJA had organized a one day seminar in Internet Based eLearning : New Millennium Union Education on 18th february 2013. The program was targeted to all the unions leader to aware about the need and adaptation of eLearning for union strengthen. The chairman of program Mr. Raja Ram Shrestha stated ICT should use in union for against the exploitation. Tilak Jang Khadka, general secretary of CLASS Nepal explain the whole idea of the initiation and also show the further plan. Chief Guest of program, Mr. Kapil Dev Shrestha Director General IT Department of Nepal Government appreciate the initiation of educating youth and trade unions. He said ICT is only powerful tools in world, which make individuals and country to distinct than others. He added trade union can get the opportunity to take education even in working time. So it help to save time and cost. But the important the content should be market driven. He said ICT is very dynamic which can easily cover all range of education level. He also said that labor education using ICT can help to minimize the discrimination among trade unions. He tried to convince participant from government side, he explain Nepal government is slowly giving priorities in ICT sectors, Specially the establishment of IT Department and IT Council under ministry of Science Technology and Environment shows positive initiation from government, Government is working in building egovernance system and it’s almost ready to lunch national portal and NID, Ministry of Education has prepared master plan for implementation of ICT in Education. He tried to showed all these things represent government concern in ICT. With these current situations, we feels it is very right moment to initiate e-learning in union education.

And finally my turns came, where I supposed to present on Technicality of Online Education and Its implementation, here is the summary that I presented there. ICT is an efficient tools for spreading and strengthening the union. eLearning is the term for all kind of (ICT)technology-enhanced learning,where technology is use to support of learning, where we can say ICT are computing and communications facilities and features that variously support teaching, learning and a range of activities in education which constitutes hardware (cpu, monitor, projectors) and software (text editors, database, browsers).The rapidly growing usage of technology in today’s world is pushing workers to consider the integration of ICT into the workspace. We can easily implement this by using common tolols like email, chat, blogs, forums, social media, collaborative writing, web conferencing etc.We think localization of these content will implement in first phase:

  • Basic Information and Communication Skills for Collective Bargaining
  • A Trade Union Guide to Economic Concepts For Collective Bargaining
  • A Trade Union Guide to Collecting and Using Wage Information
  • Building Women-friendly trade unions
  • Building Democratic Trade Unions
  • Climate Change and Transport Workers

To implement these things, we see lot of barriers that will come along our ways. Some of these are:

  • Organizational Barrier
  • Technological Availability Barrier
  • Content Resource Barrier
  • Computer Knowledge Barrier
  • Worker’s Interest Barrier

To minimize all these barriers, we are looking for 2 things should be considered

  • Personal Motivation
  • Organizational Environment

SWOT Analysis of eLearning in Nepal considering aspect from CLASS Nepal


  • Infrastructure
  • Willingness
  • Good network of unions and IT professionals


  • We are new
  • Not advance technology
  • Limitation of broadband connectivity/Electricity
  • Not availability of desirable content resource
  • Readiness of union


  • Open Source Software
  • International Relation : We might not need to build from scratch
  • As we have good connection with different union,s we can produce resources here
  • Attention of management
  • Union will be cyberunion or techunion.


  • Union Leaders may not agree to adopt
  • Financial problem
  • Find out the interested people.

You can download slide from


Seminar on e-Eduacation and e-Library in context of Nepal” @ Western Region Campus in Pokhara

CoTS had organized one day seminar on 13 jan 2013 in a title of “e-Education and e-Library” at western Region Campus. The program was chaired by president of CoTS  Ashok Lamshal, Campus Chief was honored by Chief Guest. The program was proposed to give a conceptual idea and knowledge about ICT in Education as well as importance of Digital Library. HOD of Electronic and Computer Engineering Department welcome participants and make clear about the role of seminars and such kind of program in parallel to academic classes. More than 200 participants were listening there.

I had segmented program session into two topics, “e-Education: Basic Concept on ICT in Education” and “e-Library: Practices in Nepal” . In First session I started with the current culture and interest of students, and slightly moved into basic idea of ICT in Education and role of it’s in education, I simply defined ICT in terms of Education : “They are the computing and communications facilities and features that variously support teaching, learning and a range of activities in education.” And it’s benefits and short comes. I explained about very basic tools, that we can easily implemented, I went through each tools and show them example of each tools ranging from email, instant message to web conferences. I gave one simple example to start Professional Learning Network for teachers:

  • Join a professional social network. I belong to Classroom 2.0 (Ning) and the Discovery Educator’s Network (Discovery Education) (
  • Find 3-5 Blogs (Google Blogs) you like and subscribe to them using RSS feeds or Google Reader.
  • Join a microblogging network like Twitter or Plurk.
  • Participate-Become a part of the conversation.

In next session, I started with the history of traditional library and tried to figured out what actually library stands for and success upto digital age of library. I tried to make them clear what actually e-Library of Digital library stands for. I explained about the benefits on adopting it as well as some issues:

  • Digital preservation
  •  Copyright and Licenses:  republication of material on the web by libraries may require permission from rights holders
  •  Metadata creation: Searchability
  •  Access to Technology
  •  User’s ability to retrive information

Also I gave some example of e-Libraries mostly used:

  • Open Content
  •  Wikipedia
  •  Open Educational Resources
  •  Khan Academy
  •  Open / virtual / online University
  •  Open Culture movements
  •  Epathi
  •  Midas EduKit

And finally I showed some pics of What FOSS Nepal and Help Nepal Network works for establishing digital libraries in school of Nepal. Lastly I got lot of queries from participants regarding implementing it, I was really feel happy to answered them.. some of question are still coming in my inbox.


e-Education: Basic Concept on ICT in Education

Let’s talk about very common things, ….

Is it easy to appealing with today’s student? Obviously not, they are only intended to hear what they want. Engaging today’s student means tapping into what is important to them.

Teachers have a responsibility for preparing students for tomorrow, not for their yesterday, It shouldn’t matter what was right on their time, need to show students what is/will right. They shouldn’t forget, today’s students are digital native (said by Marc Prensky), it means students are Visual learners, Multi-taskers, Short attention spans, Use technology to express themselves, Information analysts, Content producers, Real-time learners  and many more. For all these, they need technology that allows them to get information, when they want, how they want and where ever they want.

Now let’s hits the head of nail.

What is this ICT in Education perspective?

“They are the computing and communications facilities and features that variously support teaching, learning and a range of activities in education.” It consists of hardwares like laptops, CPU, Projectors, printers, digital cámeras e.t.c and softwares like emails, text editors, browsers, education s/ws etc.

Why ICT in Education?

  • The rapidly growing usage of technology in today’s world is  pushing teachers to consider the integration of ICT into the classroom.
  • ICT can be used as a tool for motivating students to learn in a different way.
  • ICT can be effective and efficient.
  • ICT gives learners immediate access to richer source materials.
  • It can be dynamic and interactive.


  • Repetition of activities
  • Individual and collaborative work
  • Motivation
  • Interactivity
  • Multimedia
  • Adquisition of IT skills
  • Flexibility
  • Authenticity
  • Fun



  • IT skills as prerequisite
  • System failure
  • Software familiarisation
  • Careful lesson planning
  • Computer phobia
  • Integration problems
  • Level quality of language
  • Content














IT in Mass Educationon the occasion of World Literacy Day in Nepal

Russian Cultural and Science Center, Mitra Kunja, Nepal Russia ICT Society and Cyber Chautari jointly organized the event called IT in Mass Education on the occasion of World Literacy Day. This program was held in Russian Cultural Center, Kamalpokhari Kathmandu Nepal on 7th september. The program was kind of interaction program, some participants were related with education, some were working with Library in Nepal, some were environment, some were business man and some were related with social entrepreneur as well.

The program was scheduled for two papers, first was Re-enforcement of early learning by Prabin Gautam and second was FOSS in Education by Hempal Shrestha. Prabin dai start with overview of Literacy and current statistics, Statistics was interesting somehow, Today Nepal literacy reached 61%, 95 % of households in Nepal are with in 30 minutes of access to the nearest school, 75 % rich people are literate while as 45 % of poor are only literate, the literacy rate of male and female in Nepal is 72 % and 45 % only. Prabin dai also mention some method of learning in Nepal, not only formal and regular school model is not enough to make better literacy in Nepal beside it here are some practice such as social learning class: given by NGo’s or government agencies, adult education ( where over age people can get education), informal education(not like school courses), There is also other famous and successful model like Reverse instructions Or blended learning, where any one can learn any where using inernet.

Prabin dai list out some challenges for e-learning in nepal.

  • Internet connection
  • Reluctance to use: nervous to use or hesitate to use
  • Exposure channels
  • Volunteers to pick up open source programs
  • Less trust in free stuff
  • Initiatives to use IT for education in big way
  • Takes away valuable work from so called experts
  • Reliance on others to show path


He showed demo on eBarnamanal, very easy tool


Second presenter was Hempal Shrestha, he had given on FOSS in Education. Hempal dai continue from the from where Prabin dai finished, he also showed some tools and demo on nepali tools develop by nepali for nepal such as epathi……

Later he moved on his topic, introducing FOSS technology, FOSS software and FOSS philosophy. He explained the base of idea of Free in the scene of Freedom, some level of freedom and some basic of licensing. He put his work very clearly in terms of Foss are programs whose licenses give users the[with] freedom to run them for any purpose to study and modify them and to redistribute.

He showed some rule that opensource software should follow. He touch some history of this concept called FOSS.

Hempal dai make points for connection of FOSS and educations

  • Ethically motivation begins
  • General licensing models: offer open to all, no explicit agreement necessary
  • The centrality of community : Pooling of resources


He showed lot of open source education tools that can be used very easily, and are available very openly. He also cover the involvement of FOSS Nepal Community in the field of education as well.


In this way, we celebrate IT in Mass Education on the occasion of World Literacy Day.