Tourism for Poverty Reduction

Every country are standing together to solve the biggest problem for everyone, which has been significantly positioned from ages. Poverty and inequality. UN, World Bank and other international organization has building program and supporting nations to make it effective.

One of the sector which can play the integral role to fulfill the mission is Tourism.

How big is the problem of poverty? There are about 700 million people living on less than $2 a day.

The only way we can achieve the success over this is by working with partners from the public and private sectors, civil society, academia and international organization which will increase the effectiveness and impact.

There are lots of evidence that shows tourism is the effective means which will make every individual participatory and get benefited by it. Tourism creates lots of job and opportunity for all kind of people and attracting foreign investment. Tourism enables people to gain job skills and professional experience, and promotes social mobility. Tourism also drives the development of infrastructure that is very important, like airports, roads and hotels, which connect economies to global value chains and increase trade.

If you see the role, Government and International Agencies can play the critical role to develop the infrastructure like Airports, Roads, Routes, where Foreign Investors and Big Business people can invest on Accommodation, transportation service, resources which is essential for tourism facility and activities, Univesities/Academias can produce productive human resource which of course always been backbone of effectiveness of service it need to sell to customer, CSO are crucial to ensure safety, security, and standardize. SME can market, sell and sustain ecosystem. All together we can see how it get platform for scope for all kinds.

The sector is powerful job creator, providing livelihoods and pathways out of poverty for millions, across genders, ages and skill levels. According to the WorldBank Group Presidnet Jim Yong Kim, Globally, one out of every 11 jobs is linked to travel and tourism. Research shows that tourism has almost twice as many women employers as other sectors. It also employs young people at about twice the rate of other industries. Which define inclusive growth.

Go through the example, Kenya has 14 percent of national economic output and 12 percent of total employment from Tourism sector. In the Maldives, tourism makes up more than 40 percent of the economy, it is about triple what it was 25 years ago. And is a major source of government revenue, helping finance people’s health and education. All the reports shows the chart is gaining height every year and now the people are spending more money in developing countries than developed countries.

For the developing country we need to focus on how we can involve every individual in this industry regardless of their platform and expertise. We have lots of hidden and unexplored things in local places. Every individuals are enough to tell about that place, build it better and protect it from extinct. Lets collaborate together and build over it.

How can i prepare for BSC CSIT Entrance Examination

It’s good to thinking about preparation before joining any program. And it more make sense to the course like BSC CSIT.

There are few reasons why should you prepare BSC CSIT entrance exam.

1. The gap between your knowledge (+2) and your aim (BSC CSIT) is bigger than you imagine.

2. The high number you get will have the better chance to get admission on your choice of college*

3. The higher number can also keep the chance to get discount while admission.

4. This will build your confidence on giving exam and getting secured.

But where you start your preparation, Till now i don’t see any particular institution who are carrying but i am sure if they get business they can start anytime. But my suggestions are little but different.

Here you see what are possibility,

Entrance Preparation for Bsc CSIT : Prepare for Future

What Startup Should learn from AAP Victory

Winning something is never easy, there should be hardworking, passion and belief. Latest result of AAP in recent election shows the good lessons to everyone. Here i found some message for Startups.

Hard work Pay off

Arvind Kejriwal and his team have done over 700 public meetings. His MLAs have been working in their constituencies even after they quit. Which now paid off.

In startup phase, not every day might be able to pay you enough, but you should able to understand the investment of time. More you invest on your product, more it will sounds tangible.

Never Give up when you are in trouble

Many predicted the end of AAP after the result they got in General elections 2014. Their followers , major leaders and candidates leaved them. But Kejriwal said “ I will fight for the right thing”.

In case of most startups, there comes the situation like Give Up. When you fall, just get up, dust off your shirt, and move on.

Do small thing in great way

AAP start their campaign with small actions, small team. People saw them grow which helps other to belief on them.

Just reach out and explain things in simple terms to the people so that they can understand your product. Don’t sell the big jargon, and big dream.

Don’t try to buy your customer

AAP prove that the party is for common man, you can see lots of donation/contribution is coming from very general public where people are contributing from Rs. 5. So most people support the campaign freely unlikely most opposition spends lots of money on unnecessary things.

If you are honestly building the consumer products, they should feel this will works for them. Most startups spends time to selling their features and bla bla. Try to explain what pain you are healing of your customer.

Early birds get the worm

AAP and Kejriwal were preparing for change and election for long time, where there opposition was only focused on last minutes. From declaration of candidates to its manifesto, AAP was much ahead of the BJP and Congress.

If you are going to launch new product market then don’t wait for product ready time. You have to involve your customer from beginning and make them realise that you are building for people not for yourself. So they increase the trust level.

Accepting the mistake

Kejriwal put his ego aside and apologised for quitting after his 49 day stint as the CM of Delhi.

Most of the people try to prove themselves right for everything they have done, they spend most important time to explain it. So the wise decision, is to invest time in constructive things, so later people will understand what you have done was right or give you next chance.

Respect other and viewing the big picture

Opposition tried various strategies to break AAP and Kejriwal but Kejriwal stood steady as a rock. He didn’t fall in this trap and had nothing but respect for Kiran Bedi .This helped his cause.

Take seriously the competitors, don’t forget they are also same as you. You have to study and analyse them, understand. The good strategy is to be good with them. They are also there for wining the market.

Strong belief in your idea

Like Kajriwal has undoubted belief on his ideology, so he never break down and continue his fighing from his NGO Parivartan, to campaigning with Anna Hazare, to forming AAP. People who were not much convinced at first started believing AAP is the right to make it.

No matter how many people see your idea will work, if you show your hard working and progress you gain in each step. You will have increasing engagement.


Summary on Why to Start a Startup

When i heard about the class on How to Start a Startup was going to start, i was very excited. I signed up and waiting for the time. And, Finally time came. The first class was Why to Start a Startup, Sam will be starting things off tomorrow, and Dustin Moskovitz (cofounder of Facebook, Asana, and Good Ventures) will cover it.

Here are some points i learn from it.

  • If you think you can earn lots from Startup, it’s better to do other things. You should drive from your passion of solving problem. You should believe on your idea.
  • If people are laughing  at your idea, you should be happy you can be next world changer. Facebook, iPhone has similar history.
  • 4 things that make a great startup – Idea, Product, Team, and Execution
  • What ever you are building, think about your customer first: Think about what they want.
  • Remember Market at first
  • After all Startup is about team effort, so find the potential co-founder.
  • Great Idea -> Great Product -> Great Company
  • First build the product and talk the user.
  • Yes, you might need other things like Adviser, Sales, Business plan, but at first ignore all.
  • No matter how many users are you getting at first, if that small number is loving it, you have build good.
  • Latter large number of people will also like it.
  • So start with smaller number.
  • First users come manually, work close with them. Take feedback from them.
  • Think about – What do they like? What would they pay for? What would make them recommended it?
  • Don’t put anyone between you and your customers
  • Be available for every time.

Here is the total lecture :

You can see video also here


The day of leaders: Mozilla Nepal Anniversary

A good leader is the one who inspire other to become better leader than just followers. I am the witness of this development here, I am connecting with Mozilla Nepal Community from starting on different way. I got invitation email from Avash for Anniversary, and immediately i thought i will not miss this time.

I couldn’t meet the team before the day, so i was out of any idea of arrangement and planning. I reached there lately, everyone were busy with their task, it looked like different team working for different things. It took while to understand the complete situation, i felt awkward for being late.

When the environment was like that, how can i stay behind. I planned to make the firefox OS App for It had been long time not doing development work, but i started to make it. I built the very basic version for my app :

It’s not just about what we built on that day. It’s about where we are today after 2 years and who are we now. Every Achievement is the step to move forward, i hope next year there will lot to do and lot to share…..

Travelling major cities from Nepaljung to Biratnagar.

I am not typical travelling kind of person. But day to day doing same job made me machine. I feel tired and there is no more kick except in Cinema Hall. So i decided to travel major cities from Nepaljung to Biratnagar.

This is my personal tour, i don’t have any specific program set, but i would like to see how IT is grooming out side the capital. So i will give my best to meet CS/IT/Eng students, professionals. If there is anyone i should meet please refer me.

22 Shrawan : Nepalgunj 
23 Shrawan: Dang – Ghorahi
24 Shrawan: Butwal 
25 Shrawan: Chitwan
26 Shrawan: Pokhara
27 Shrawan: Birgunj
28 Shrawan: Eastern – Biratnagar

You can send me message on my facebook:

Which is the Best CSIT college in Nepal?

2 Articles you should read before you come here:
What is the best in BSC CSIT?


Once you decided to study Bsc CSIT (Computer Science and Information Technology), next thing making worried is the college you need. Big Advertisement in newspaper is not enough to convince you. Selecting one college from 50 colleges is not easy. So that’s why, many students ask me name of college, which I never do.
Actually the best college differ with people’s expectation. Some people like the strict discipline, some want the flexible. Some people want the highest scorer and some want the maximum pass rate, Some people want the 100% class, some want extra curriculum. For me, I don’t want to choose the college on the base of result, it would be foolishness. The most important question when you trying to search the college should be “Is this college suit to me? Will I be happy there for 4 years?”

If you are here with the hope that I will say the name of college, then you should leave, but I can help you to how to find one.

Don’t forget, you have to score high to get choice.Read this blog


First Question: Why should I join your College?
When you go to market to buy mobile you always looks on the different features and trying to figure out if it fits on your budget. So same here, ask college about features 🙂

What is the college time?
You are going to study for 4 years, so you have to allocate your time for college. Ask college time and see how it suits to you. If you are doing job or planning to do job then I think Day College will not suitable for you.

How is the result of your college?
I already told it doesn’t matter, and truth is you can do better than anyone. But this question will forced the college to reasoning the result. So than will help you to understand how college is taking serious on students.

What additional things you provide me beside the college course?
Now the days, College are very tricky and I am sure they will say lot here, Some college may tell you they will send you in industrial tour in India, some will say they have contract/MoU with different IT companies here. Some will say they will provide additional PHP, JAVA, CCNA. See which one give you more offers which means to you.

What projects your students have made ?
You are not the first person who is asking question before admitting in that college. You are not only one who is worrying. If the college is not new, then there is already some students who decided . Ask the college what these students are doing there. What projects and application they build. Have they won any competition in hackathon, bootcamp, APP Development?

Where are your passed out student?
Ask what their passed out students are doing now. Ask more specific and trying to find how it worth.

Can I see your college?
Ask permission to college to see the building, labs and class.

With out knowledge of college try to meet the student, Meet 2-3 students and ask them about college. Most of time they will be right.

Open Standard Workshop on Document Freedom Day in Nepal


First I like to recall my last year, where I heard the Document Freedom Day for first time. I thought, this is something that I as the techie can collaborate for change with others. That’s why last year We(OKF Nepal) co-organize with Central Department of Library Science with support of FOSS Nepal Community. I can’t say the impact of last program but the learning from last program, this year we able to make more organizations to come together for this Document Freedom Day. The main credit goes to Open Source Club of Kathmandu University and FOSS Nepal Community to organize this wonderful event, where other open communities like Open Knowledge Foundation Nepal, Mozilla Nepal Community, Wikimedians of Nepal and Central Department of Library Science Tribhuwan University were celebrating partner. Amazingly Department of IT, Ministry of Science Technology and Environment Government of Nepal support this event together with Kathmandu University. The event was entitled as “One Day workshop on Open Standard”

The event was in building of Department of IT, IT Park Banepa. Participants were from different ministries, departments. Some were students, lecturers and civil society leaders. The program was semi formal, starting with the inauguration speech of Director General, DoIT. After it, Prabin and Subir from FOSS Nepal Community started to talk about Document Freedom Day, it’s history and objectives, they share some open standard implementations in different countries. Hempal from FOSS Nepal Community stated some free and open source licenses. Prakash, Ambassador of Open Knowledge Foundation Nepal showed one case example to share common issues in Government of Nepal’s website due to not implementing basic open standard, he also shared what can be the solutions of those issues. Bobby and Ashish jointly demonstrate the Libre Office. Manoj Shakya from Kathmandu University shared about the Latex. Manish jung Thapa from OLE shared some technical aspect of Open Web Standard. Mr. Bhim Dhoj from TU, presented on Librarian and Document Freedom He focued on custodians of knowledge and their
role in promoting open standards. And Finally Rajesh from Kathamndu University intruced Moodle. We also had Q/A sessions where participants got chance to ask their quires

There were around 75 participants, which was really exciting and more than expectation. The event was more look like orientation of technology and training. So we think the event open the door to enter into the next level. Department of IT has committed to take this initiative in next level, so it help to maintain the common standard and obviously it will be open.

Open Community Collaboration Consortium

Great thing is, We are growing. It was a time, when we talked about Open Source, Open content, Open Data etc… We need to start from what is open? How it will make different? Why you should be the part of it? Now, We are on different position. We have more number of focus group also. Some group are working for Free and Open Source Software, some for Open Data, some people are working for Open Content (Wikipedia), some for Open Web, some for Open Street Map, some for open hardware and many more. That’s why everyday you can see some activities happening.

Worst thing is, We only know this. It seems like we have been focusing for same target repeatedly and it holds the limitation of outreach. And this impact the big audience is out of knowledge and you know the number make sense here. I think this is the cause why government is not talking serious for this.

Solution is, Uniting among us can save energy. I think it would be better if we can show the combine existence that make more easy to move ahead. The major impact will be on government. There are lot of space where government should endorse either from Curriculum or Data Portal, they should present it well. And Me together with Prabin and Hempal has pitched this idea on workshop for IT Roadmap from Government of Nepal. This is only possible from top down approach.

It is not so simple as it seems, that’s why On the occasion of celebrating Open Data Day in Nepal, We launch Open Community Collaboration Consortium.

Wikipedia Education Cooperative Kickoff held on Prague, Czech Republic

Global Education team of Wikimedia Foundation decided to make one peer to peer meeting on 8th and 9th March in Prague, where they selected representatives from different education program initiatives running in different countries. The meeting was intended to cover 16 participants, where 14 were able to make there. The participants were from Nepal, Czech Republic, Serbia, Ukraine, United Kingdom, Israel, Mexico, Arabic World, US and Canada. The major goals of this program was to understand the experience of each other and make some global strategy to foster this program.

In 2 days program, First day was focused on challenges that people found in their implementation and some success they experience. We learned best way to teaching/training, we discussed on different tools available online, which we can localized in our language. We were also briefed about the using of Webmatrics, specially in Wikipedia Education Program for individual or group quantitative evaluation. We did one group work on the challenges we face, My team was working on Establishing WP’s place in Education, where we identified the problems and stakeholders. And figuring the message we should send to them with the different ways and approaches. And also gave our best to point our the role of Global team and local team.
Second day, was focused on defining mission statement of Cooperative in terms of goals, vision, tools, audiences and stakeholders. The idea was to establishing the global standard support with flexible means. While working on it, we found significance group with action: Communication group, Global Recognition group, Resource group, and Mentoring group.

Communication Group

  • Education List for Educators
  • Education List for Program Leaders
  • Develop Education Portal
  • Regular News letter

Global Recognition Group

GR for Students
By October 1, 2014, the Coop will create a Wikipedia driver’s license-like global student recognition with a set of standards.

GR for Instructors
By Wikimania 2014, the Coop will have a system in place to distribute teaching fellowships to instructors using Wikipedia as a teaching tool.

 GR for Program Leaders
Create (april 15), distribute (may 1), collect (june 1) a survey from all programs to determine individual needs for legitimacy as a program.
Review feedback (july 15) and create an action plan (at Wikimania, in august), present results (at Wikimania, in august), and enact action plan (december 1).

Mentoring Group

  • Interview program leaders and facilitate them through out the program.
  • Pilot 2 ways of mentoring before the first term of the 2014-2015 school year

Resource Group

  •  Review existing Resource
  • Identifying the Key stakeholder of page
  • Determine useful resource
  • Establish the process to reach each program

I am one of the member of Global Recognition Team