चपप्ल चोरेर बनेको साथी

Old Article(http://talkbyphoto.blogspot.com/2012/07/blog-post.html)
म खेलमा अलि कमजोर छुकी जस्तो लाग्छ, त्यसैले खेल खेल्नमा खासै जोड दिन्न; अझ त्योपनि अनपेक्षित रुपमा अपरिचित अनुहारहरु संग त चारकोस टाडा भाग्नेनै कोसिसमा हुन्छु | तर के गर्नु खेल्नै पर्ने रहिछ तर त्योपनि चप्पल(स्यान्डिल) चोर्नु पर्ने खेल, कस्तो दिन आएछ भन्ने लग्यो तर गर्नैपर्ने | त्यहाँ थुप्रै चप्पल थिए, ति मध्य मैले एउटा चप्पल(स्यान्डिल) छाने….त्यो पनि धेरै समय सोंचेर तर के सोंचेर भंनेचाई थाहा भएन |
मनमा छुटै जिज्ञाशा थियो कस्को पो स्यान्डिल उठएछु भनेर….. धेरै बेर सम्म हेर्दै थिए सबैको खुट्टामा तर कसैसंग मेल खाको भनेथिएन | त्यतिकैमा एक जना केटि आएर उक्त्त स्यान्डिल मागिन, मैले पनि ए हजुरको हो भन्दै एकै पटकमा दिए..पछी पो लग्यो नाम त कमसेकम सोध्नु पर्थ्यो | एकैछिन सम्म उनको मुहारमा हेर्दै थिए कतै बिर्सिन्छु कि पो भन्ने डर लागिरहेको थियो |
मन गह्रौ भएको थियो | आफ्नो स्यान्डिल पार्टनरको बारेमा जानेर उनको बारेमा प्रस्तुत गर्नुपर्ने जिम्मेवारी थियो, सोच्दै थिएकी म नै उनि भाको ठाउँ तिर जाऊकी, म भएतिर बोलाऊ…… यतिकै मा उनले केहि इसारा गरेजस्तो लाग्यो… मैले उनलाई म भएको ठाउतिर आउन इसारा गरे…उनि सजिलै स्विकारिन, मन हलुंगो भयो |
हामीले आआफ्नो बारेमा, एकअर्कोको कपीमा लेख्ने निधो गर्यौ… अनि मैले केहि केहि अतिरिक्त कुरा सोधेर उनको मानसपटललाई बुझ्ने कोसिस गरे…तर हरेक जवाफ सजिलो गरि आए…म दंग खाए | समस्या आकृति बनाऊनु मा थियो…. नत म कुनै चित्रकार थिएनकी उनको त्यो हसिलो, गोलो मुहारको आकृति बनाऊ …. तै पनि हिम्मत गर्न मन लग्यो…तर मनमा अर्को डर रह्यो कि मेरो चित्र ले गर्दा त्यो हसिलो मुहारमा मैले सधै भरिलाई हाँसो गुमाउनु पर्ला| अन्तत मैले उनको शब्द, अक्षर, र बानीलाई प्रतिबिम्बित गर्न खोजे र उनलाई facebook बनाइदिए | किन भने…उनका हरेक शब्द सरल थिए र सिधा थिए…उनि हरेक संग घुलमिल हुन सक्छिन जस्तो लाग्दै थियो, किनकि उनको अर्को छेउमा एकजना दाई हुनुहुन्थ्यो, र उनि सजिलै उहा संग कुरा गर्दैथिन |
अब पालो थियो प्रस्तुत गर्नु पर्ने सबैले पहिलानै हात उठाउदै अगाडीनै प्रस्तुत गर्दै थिए, तर म भने हतार गरिरहेको थिएन, सायद उनलाई अगाडीनै सक्न मन रहिछ…उनले अब हामीले प्रस्तुत गरौहै भन्दै कुरा राखिन, मैले अन्तिम तिर गरम भन्दै थिए…तर उनले छिटै नै सकौं भन्ने मत राखिन..मैले पनि सहमति जनाए | मलाई जिज्ञासा थियो उनि मलाई कसरी चिनाउछिन….त्यो अनपेक्षित तर परिचित पहिचान थियो, Rowdy Rathore….जुन नामले मलाई कहिँ छोडेको थिएन| प्रस्तुती उनको दरिलो थियो…एउटा Leader मा हुनुपर्ने खालको….सायद उनि भविष्यमा एउटा राम्रो Leader हुनेछिन यो देशको, यो बिश्वको….. मेरो शुभकामना सधै उनि संग छ| मलाई गर्व रहनेछ की मैले उनि जस्तो मान्छेको चप्पल चोर्न पाए |

ICT Meetup 2012: a CHAPTER I learned very well

Event: ICT Meetup 2012
Date: 17 june 2012
Organized by: Prime IT Club
Venue: Prime College(New Building) Nayabazar
 People learn from their failure, but there are some examples where we can learn even more from winner. I wanna join this context with no other than ICT Meetup 2012, the program was completely perfect with nice handling. The program was obstructed, so it
couldn’t get it’s time…it sifted unwantedly but finally it did its role greatly.
 I arrived with my ASCOLians at the mid of the formal session, I got the chance to heard some inspirable speech from Biplav Man Shrestha , former president of Computer Association of Nepal(CAN ,i remember he took some phrase of Steve Jobs. After him, Main Guest Mr. Manahor Bhattrai, former vice president of HLCIT did put some words and shows some truth regarding to cost of man power and chance of global positioning in IT development. In this way some other guest also made their word. The ground was almost filled with participant, they were hurried about the session…some guys were queued for registration and rest were gathering and guffing.
The program was organized by Prime IT Club. But I could see the majority of participants were from the other college and organization than the Prime College. I was surprise to see some unexpected face there, which means, the program had good coverage. After the inauguration session crowd was moved for the presentation session with their interest. There was more than dozen of session and obviously the program was designed for the 3 parallel sessions.  So, one thing was sure that I must lose 2 sessions at least when I sited for one. I prioritize the presentation based on my interest….firstly I decided for WordPress, secondly GIS, Thirdly Foss Philosophy …………
When I reached on hall1 for WordPress, the hall was full from the participants and more crowds were hanging outside the door. There were no chair but still lots of participants were expecting to join there….that session was conducted by WordPress Nepal, Ujjwal dai, Chandra dai, Yalambar  and other were planned to presented. I gave my sit to other one and move outside from that hall1 because I thought at least new participant will get chance to know about WordPress Nepal and I will obviously with WordPress Nepal for next WordPress Meetup. Then, I move to other hall; I saw same crowds in other hall too. The same scenario was seen whole day.
The program was full of spirit, and it was successful program … now I have question in my mind, how did this happen? Why this one program succeed?  Answer was not much complicated. It was seems like due to long hardworking and great planning, more straightforward we can see their perfect planning and hard work…. Every one (organizing and volunteer) was busy with their task, no one was confused with their task they had done very beautifully. This is a great part that I learn from that even and obviously I will utilize sooner. Now my suggestion and expect from Prime IT Club is you guy should prepare for next more great programs, I love to join it……………………..…..

KTM-GTUG in NCE IT Fair 2012

Friday 15 june 2012.
Location:  Talchikhel Lalitpur
NCE IT Fair 2012
Organized by: National College of Engineering Family.
The program was scheduled to ceremoniously started by 8 A.M. and almost I was also planned to be there at time, but due to some absurd condition arised, we(me and Hempal Dai) were arrived at 9:30and that was the just nearby of completion of formal session.  We were went there as a presenter of that 2 days fair, I had made my presentation in KTM-GTUG and hempal dai was in regular topic Foss Nepal and Licensing. One of the students of their Sanoj welcomed us and his friend Smriti covered details of us.
We planned to start visit the stall and went through stall and stall, as expectedly there we met our friends form KU representing Foss Nepal that made us more easy and cool. After having some snacks we moved toward the building, we first entered in Game Zone, everyone was busy with their competition setup. Competitors were ready for Fifa 12, Dota and CS.  After that we climbed for upper floor, Some guys were preparing for IT Quiz, some for 3D Movie show, and some for other stuff…. And Finally I reached in IT presentation floor.

Presentation program was started at 12:30 with the presentation of Kailash Badu from Cloud Factory on Technology for Development. He explained the technology very clearly and cleverly and exampled the power of code …. He showed this technology can change the world. After that next presentation was quite interesting, presented by Madhav Adhikari, Treasure of Nepal GIS Society, He is experienced of 12 years in GIS, he was the first student of Geographical Study in Nepal. He explained about GIS system and the status in Nepal, he showed the value and importance of spatial data everywhere. Third presentation was by Nirajan Shrestha on Ecommerce, He was representative from Muncha.com,  He showed the change in online consumer and trend of online business. The forth presentation was on Mobile Social Network, that was presented by Prawesh Shrestha . He explored the role, impact and future of mobile development in world as well in Nepal he call everybody to join and take benefit from it.
After Prawesh, finally I got the time for presentation, I had chosen a topic as “Kathmandu GTUG (soon to re-branded as GDG – Kathmandu” I started by introducing GTUG and Google’s Developer Technology, I slightly focus on KTM-GTUG, it’s motivation and  it’s target. I mostly focus on next program including Google Developer Group Kathmandu, Google I/O and Google Apps Developer Challenge 2012. I requested them to join in out google group(www.groups.google.com/group/ktmgtug) and take a chance to participate in the program. And at last Pradeep Kandel from MIC Nepal lasted the first day session by Server Virtualization.
What I observed there was that program was 5 rated from my side, Those people were done their job very cleanly even we didn’t feel it was first one.  While having refreshments in canteen, we got the chance to talk with Head of Department (actually I forgot name…………. .hm may be Rajendra Adhikari) I felt how much college and administration was supporting their student and program as well. This is an example for other student and other college for doing something special and something great.

ICT Nepal

Old Article(http://nprkshn.wordpress.com/2011/03/17/ict-nepal/)

Nepal is the country locked by the largest two countries India and China. The variation in the structure is also another geographical identification of Nepal.  Although it is small in map but we are always survive under the various large problems. Today, we have ability to talk about different technology either about past, present or future. We really feel something pride for knowing about this. Really, we are interested for upcoming new technology and looking chances for either free or else. After this point we try to analysis  a condition of Technology of our country only on the basis of analysis of us and predict as in coming 5 years everyone will have own PC and in coming 10 years we will have every things in our browser ,e-governance, ecommerce, etc.
If we left our capital and start to analysis a condition of technology from some other village then we realized we are still 25 years behind then other powerful country. Then how can we gain our goals that were predicted only on basis of few high societies although our country is listed one of the poorest country of the world. So we have to wake up and try for better of our country. We have to change the conventional mentality of our family and societies. Although we are in 21st century, but our education pattern, administrative pattern, working pattern are still in 19th century. Now our competition is not only between us but also with world. ICT is a most important aspect of today’s world. We cannot imagine our day to day life without ICT. Undeniably to a large extent, the success of any sector or organization today depends on the application and effectiveness of the ICT. The scheme to provide ICT literacy and enhance the knowledge of ICT students and professional in Nepal has a slow progress and is not sufficient.
It is difficult to developed implementable policy to built knowledge base society and industry in the absence of well defined frame of reference. We have first IT policy 2000 provided a broad framework for the development of the IT sector in the country. Which consolidate the foundation for national economic growth and better living-standards for the next five years starting from the 2000. IT Policy 2004 (draft) plans for economic consolidation, and development and strengthening of democratic norms and values through IT. Especially, through efficient distribution of economic resources, the policy seeks to contribute to raising the living standards and eventually towards the reducing the poverty. Also government established Telecommunication Policy 2060 to create favorable environment for making IT service reliable and accessible to all people at reasonable cost with private sector in order to support social and economic development of the country. To implement objective of policy we have also IT bodies, organizations, communities, societies. High Level Commission for Information Technology (HLCIT) is the one of the largest   key institutions formed by Government of Nepal to provide crucial oversight and policy guidance for the development of ICT sector in the country, National Information Technology Center (NITC), Computer Association of Nepal,(CAN) IT Professional Forum(ITPF), ISP Association of Nepal, and other Business Associations have driven the country towards the use of ICT in economic development.
Although political, economical, social and technological challenges are available in our country. Today, Government is willing to decentralize the responsibilities and processes throughout the system called e-government. Where government rule the country directly focused for the facilitation or empowerment of the peoples of the country. In the context of Nepal there are about 32000 villages and the most of villages are in hilly areas. Those villages are still out of direct connection to the government. So for the entering the e-government, first of all developing the e-village may be Golden Gate. For establishing the e-village the government can provide most of the services such as policy making, birth and death registration, application for citizenship, passport and driving license, personal ID for TAX etc. To implement this services awareness of local people or villagers is most important. From 2065 government of Nepal started the primary level of gateway program in villages and from 2066 also some radio program.
Today our government of Nepal is starting the Telecentres from the rural areas of Nepal so that people can access to the world of information, technology and communication that helps people to get information about the world market and technology. Telecentres are established with a view of providing Communication Technology to the people of urban and rural areas. Its main objective is to provide computer, Internet, and email technology facilities to the people of under-privileged society. Government of Nepal in its 10th five-year plan has aimed to establish 1500 rural telecentres within the kingdom, with strategic focus on content development and social appropriation, sustainability and community ownership issues. So government of Nepal has conducted different program for people of rural areas like Nepal Rural Telecenter, Centres, Telecentres, Rural Education, Agriculture Enterprise Center, Health,  e-government, Farmers, Bee keepers, Dairy producers,   Women  Association, citizenship, passport.mht etc. Therefore farmers, consumers and others will get easily their required information at any time. Although Nepal is the agriculture based country, 80% Nepalese people are depends upon agriculture,   so these type of program make more profit to farmers so that they can get their better price and also consumer also get their required things on reasonable price. This system will get ride upon conventional system. And this will create the better environment for developing the e-government in future.
As a developing country, Nepal has availed of the opportunity to rapidly develop various sectors such as education, health, agriculture, tourism, trade, among others, using information technology. It is very possible that the international community will extend its support to developing countries in the development of information & communication technology. Such assistance will certainly be significant for the national development of a least developed country like Nepal. The extensive application of this technology will give rise to economically strong, development of democratic norms and values, proportional distribution of economic resources and means and enhancement of public awareness. Hence, knowledge of Information & communication Technology is required to develop IT society in the shortest time possible for the sake of the national economy. So we need  informative program for  student and teacher of school as well as campus, which provide the knowledge of information & communication technology and encourage them to interested in computer based education and activities. It will give the knowledge to IT student of Nepal about ICT status of Nepal and give the information about ICT sector of Nepal.  It will be the lesson for other IT personal that they can do any type of program like this in their village or town and that will help to demonstrate or develop the IT Nepal. The major responsibilities for developing Nepal as ICT Nepal is for HLCIT, NITC and others but also there may be some role and responsibility by us developing our country as we are the real citizen of our country. It is not far to be our village as e-village, education as e-education, medical as e-medical and government as e-government.

Egovernance: Introduction

Old Article (http://technetnepal.net/blogs/prakash/archive/2010/07/22/egovernance-1-introduction.aspx)

I am trying to just making clear about egovernment and it’s condition in Nepal. In different program, seminar, different conference and in different presentation we option see and hear that every ICT personnal and expert were making their sound loud about it.But what actually is egoverment ???To make clear about it I take idea from different paper and presentation.so I specially like to thanks that personal Dr. Subarna shakya, Dr. Madan P. Pariyar and Adeel Ghayur

Different people are differently define the egoverment ; Some of people define Egovernment as digital governmental information and some of the people regard egovernment as consisting of creation of website, where information about political and government issues is presented.These defination are narrow and cannot conceptualize the multidimentional and complex defination of Egovernment. So I am forwarding some of general defination about this:

“Government’s use of technology, particularly web-based Internet applications, to enhance the access to and delivery of government information and service to citizens, business partners, employees, other agencies, and government entities,”

“the continuous optimization of service delivery, constituency participation, and governance by transforming internal and external relationships through technology, the Internet, and new media.”

e-Government has  been defined as ‘the use of ICT to promote more efficient and effective government, facilitate more accessible government services, allow greater public access to information, and make government more accountable to citizens.

Abramson and Means egovernment can be defined as the electronic interaction between government ,the public and employees

World Bank e-Government is the government owned or operated system of information and Communication Technology that transform relation with citizens, the private sector and/or other government agencies so as to promote citizens ‘ empowerment, improve service delivery, strenghten accountability, increase transparency, or improve government efficiency.

That means egovernment is using  an IT(information and Technology) by  government agencies inorder to create the relation citizen, business and other government sectors.These technologies can serve a variety of different ends: better delivery of government services to citizens, improved interactions with businesses and industries, citizen empowerment through access of information, or more efficient government management.Such that we  have revenue growth, reducing  corruption, increasing transparency and profit, greater convenience as result of using it.

E-Governance Theories

1. Rationalism Theory

New tools will be utilized to help in better decision making and optimizing governance processes. The theory in itself is divided into:

1. Ocean TheoryApplication of e-governance and following the popular trend and adopting the ways of the leaders.

2. Peninsula TheoryApplying the tools for e-governance but at the same time taking steps to keep the cultural and traditional heritage and values within the community.

2. Island Theory

Island or Control Theory implies that the e-government tools would be used for better control of the populace. This theory is based on the concept of “information is control”.

3. Flood Theory

Also called Noise Theory is based on the fact that e-government tools such as Internet gives too much information for e-governance procedures such as decision making.

4. Cloud Theory

Cloud Theory implies that technology will not have much impact on decision making. Changes in governance and government are socially and politically driven and Internet is one of the means.

5. Tempest Theory

Tempest or Chaos theory implies that e-government tools such as Internet would make a government loose control – mainly by malpractices.

Importance of Egovernment

The importance of egovernment is closely inter-relaed with importance of good government in country.we can see that good government as in exercise of administrative,political and economic authority to manage affair and transaction of country in each and every level.The main importance of egovernment is to support and simplify egovernance for all parties, government, citizen and business.So I am trying to list out some points which make more clear about it’s objective and importance.

  1. Better delivery of government services to citizens
  2. Improved interactions with businesses ,industries, and  citizen empowerment through access of information and Communication Technology.
  3. Supporting economic growth and poverty reduction, through improved access to ICTs.
  4. Strengthening tenets of good governance –  efficiency, transparency, accountability, and inclusiveness
  5. 1024×768 Normal 0 false false false Fulfilling changed expectations of citizens –They expect the service from government as they get from private business.
  6. 1024×768 Normal 0 false false false Generating information and knowledge in line with socio-economic dynamism.
  7. 1024×768 Normal 0 false false false Ensuring citizen centricity (also extended to include businesses) and service orientation (amidst changing level of expectations at par with private sector entities)

Egovernance  Type:-

 

An egovernment Model

The main part that can be distinruished in egovernment are government , citizen and business.so the main common interaction in egovernance are G2C(Government to Citizen), G2B(Government  to Bosiness) and G2G(Government to Government) which is clearly shown in above  figure.Gartner, an International Consultancy firm, has formulated a four phas e-government model.This can serve as a reference for government to position where a project fits in overall evolution of an egovernance strategy. Most government start by delivering online information, but public demand and internal efficiency soon require more complex services.According to Gartner, egovernance will mature according to following four phases:

  1.       Information Presence
  2.         Interaction intake process
  3.      Transaction Complete transaction
  4.       Transformation Integration and Changes

 

The model did not imply that all institution have to go through all phases and alla at the same time. On the contrary, in western world government institution are in only three phases 1, 2 or 3.

Egovernance-2: Why egovernance in Nepal

Old Article(http://technetnepal.net/blogs/prakash/archive/2010/08/20/egovernance-2-why-egov-in-nepal.aspx)

As I already discuss about introduction of e-Government in my previous blogs. Where I regard egovernment as the use of information and communications technologies (ICT) to transform the traditional government by making it accessible, transparent, effective and accountable. E-government does not give any meaning of putting a numbers of  computers on the desks of government officials and also It is not limited on  just a government website on the Internet. More then this Political, social, economic and technological aspects determine e-governance. It establishes a relationship between government officials , citizens and Business, and this  provide a  greater access to government information and services by making the government accessible online; promoting citizen participation by enabling citizens to interact more conveniently with government officials. I again thanks to Dr. Madan P. Pariyar and Rajesh Shakya.  

 

Why e-Government in Nepal?

We often listened a sound about “New Nepal”. Every politician make this word a slogan and make their sound loud in the mass. We are in the transition period in process of building “New Nepal”. But this word should not become only a popular slogan as most of politician do. People have some trust and aspirations with this word “New Nepal” that geared towards the peace and progress. There are many dimensions streamlined and drivers identified to make our “New Nepal” dreams come true. One of such dimensions is the reformation of the government. That means to say governance and its service process should be well reengineered to fulfill the aspirations of its citizens. Information and Communication Technology (ICT) and its tools can help its effective and efficient transformation.

 

•          e-government helps simplify processes and makes access to government information more easily accessible for public sector agencies and citizens

•          greater citizen participation on government works.

•          e-government allows citizens to interact with computers to achieve objectives at any time and any location, and eliminates the necessity for physical travel to government agents sitting behind desks and windows

•          e-government include efficiency, improved services, better accessibility of public services, and more transparency and accountability

•          support economic growth and reduce poverty by improving ICT accessibilities and developing e-government applications

•          provide better and efficient Service to the Public

•          prove government as an efficient good Government

•          E-Government can fulfil the mandate of government formulating a new vision of how government views its citizens, employees and businesses, and building a citizen-centred, service-oriented, public-participative government with efficient, accountable, transparent and performance government system.

•          provide citizen-centered services for improving citizens’ convenience, including: provision of on-line public service, provision of multi-channel delivery

•          provide transparent services for facilitating business activity, including: provision of one-stop public service, disclosure of administrative information and processes

•          ICT based online service is the most democratic and unbiased service system. It offers equal opportunity to all races, genders, ethnic groups.

•          to provide networked services for efficient administration, including: computerization and integration, standardization of government administration

•          E-Government breaks the barrier of geographical diversity and makes the government services handy to all citizens at villages who are even not connected by roads and opens up many opportunities

•          It’s important to empower and motivate government employees to expect better service from them

Analyzing the ICT development of Nepal

old Article(http://technetnepal.net/blogs/prakash/archive/2010/06/07/analyzing-the-ict-development-of-nepal.aspx)

As we know Nepal is the country locked by the largest two countries India and China. The variation in the structure is also another geographical identification of Nepal. So Nepal was greatly influenced by the progress of the many countries in the region that had already welcomed the development of information technology (IT), particularly the two Asian superpowers, India and China. Nepal had witnessed India’s ability to carve out a market in the IT sector, and was hoping to find a place in the field. Today Nepal is also aware to recognize the importance of the production and use of information and communication technology (ICT) for competitiveness and growth and the need to incorporate national information infrastructures to sustain and expand their economies. There is no question why we need to acquire IT in developing country like Nepal; however we need to know that what role IT can play in development process of these countries. The far reaching impacts of IT are not only limited to industrial production. All economic sectors including agriculture, banking, commerce, health care, education, publishing, transportation are become fast flexible. If properly used in the developing country, IT can be the main factor in increasing productivity in public administration, communications, infrastructures, industry and agriculture.

Stages of development of ICT in Nepal

1971 Introduction of computer in the country for census (IBM1401)
1974 Establishment of the Electronic Data Processing Center
1982 First Private Overseas Investment in software development by establishing   company for export, Data Systems International (p) LTD.
1985 Distribution of Personal Computers in Nepal
1990 Liberalization on imports of equipment
1992 Establishment of Computer Association of Nepal
1996 Establishment of the Ministry of Science & Technology
1998 Telecommunications Act 1997 and Regulation
1998 Establishment of Nepal Telecoms Authority (NTA)
2000 Announcement of the first IT policy, “IT Policy 2000”
2001 Establishment of the National Information Technology Center(NITC) as ICT Implementation Body
2003 Establishment of the High Level Commission for Information Technology
2004 Telecommunication Policy 2004
2004 Electronic Transaction ordinance 2004
2006 Electronic Transaction Act Oct, 2006
2010 Announcement of IT Policy 2067

This is the overview of ICT development of Nepal. We have lot of experience for developing country toward the knowledge base society. Since the introduction of computer for census in 1972, the country made an early start compared to the other countries, including the establishment of organizations for computerization. However, in the 1980s and 1990s, Nepal slowed down its momentum to push forward the advancement of ICT industry. Starting from the 2000s, the government instituted its first ICT policy and in 2003 organized the HLCIT to take charge of national IT policies. In 2004, it promulgated the Electronics Transaction Act and now we have again the new review on IT policy 2000 and proposed the IT Policy 2067 as a measure of procedural simplification with a view to creating a hassle-free climate for the development of knowledge based Society and eliminate the poverty from Nepal.

We feel that this policy is a significant and important step in the right direction towards the developing the ICT sector and represent the society as knowledge based society. But however several challenges have beset Nepal’s efforts aimed at building upon the initial momentum that it gained in the ICT domain. Due to the lack of political constancy deterred Nepal from effectively capitalizing on the promise Unleashed by digital opportunities as the country found itself confronting a host of competing priorities ranging from the ones posed by security challenges to that of endemic poverty and poor governance. In the planning process, the government expressed its desire to meld Nepal into a knowledge-based society. The broad objective for the IT sector was to promote IT as a tool for social and economic development; to promote social development by using IT to improve agricultural, health, education, and other services and sectors; to promote economic development by establishing an IT park to produce and export low-cost software and eliminate the poverty from country which is the one of major problem for Nepal.

We have the experience of failure for completely implementing the Policy and over the last few years with scarce resources tied up in security efforts, implementation of the IT Policy has slipped from the government’s priority list. Although the institutional provisions have been put in place, the key implementing body is too under-resourced to effectively oversee implementation. We also know that e-governance in Nepal is enhancing but still not fully developed. But we can assume this process of finalizing the IT policy was a long but inclusive one.

Today we have still many problems. Political and Social Instability, Funding depend upon highly politicized and very limited facility is provided by government which is not enough and it is not fully utilized are problem in past years. So from learning the lesson from previous chapter of implementing and developing IT Policies we have to address every aspect that reflect IT Sectors. An IT Bill outlining action plans for the sector has been drafted and is awaiting Parliamentary approval. The Ministry of Science and Technology launched a subsidized programme to provide IT training. At least three of Nepal’s four universities have computer science or computer engineering degrees at the Bachelor level, and roughly 5,000 graduates are expected from these programmes over the next few years. The Ministry is planning to establish two new institutes: the Institute of Information Technology (in the IT park in Kathmandu) and the Institute of Technology (in Western Nepal, focusing on biotechnology and IT research).

At last the future directions can be viewed as although the institutional provisions have been put in place, the key implementing body HLCIT, NITC and Ministry of Science and Technology is too under-resourced to effectively oversee implementation. An implementation programme involving both the government and private sector still needs to be encouraged and supported to maximize the potential for IT in Nepal.